Military Images

Traveling Exhibit: Fighting for Freedom

Museum-quality prints of 22 Images of African American Civil War soldiers pictured in a gallery published in last summer’s issue of MI and elsewhere were displayed in our first-ever traveling exhibit. The first stop for this unique group was the last stop for slaves fleeing to freedom along the Underground Railroad to Canada—the Hubbard House in Ashtabula, Ohio. Located along Lake Erie is northeast Ohio, the town marked the opening of the exhibit with a two-day event last weekend. Music, dramatic readings, a visit from Buffalo Soldiers bikers, and of course the portraits, each with a caption that tells the soldier’s story. Many thanks to all the collectors who shared their images for this event. They include Kevin Canberg, Greg French, Chuck Joyce, Paul Loane, Steve Meadow and Paul Russinoff.

Special thanks to Lisa Burroughs, who played a leading role in conceiving and organizing the event, the staff and volunteers of the Hubbard House, and the city of Ashtabula for turning out to see these powerful photographs that are such an important part of our nation’s story.

Read coverage from the Ashtabula Star Beacon.

Images from the exhibit will be on display for the next year.


New Subscription Option: The Digital Edition

If you want the images and stories in Military Images but do not need the paper, our digital subscription is for you. Get a PDF of the quarterly print edition delivered to your email inbox and access to our password protected premium web version all for $19.95 per year.

This option joins two other ways to get Military Images—print and print + digital. Now you have three ways to receive our content. Visit our subscribe/renew section to subscribe.

Announcing Our First Ever Civil War Faces Show & Sale

Civil War Faces and Military Images magazine are delighted to announce our first-ever Civil War Faces Show & Sale. Join us March 8-10 in Arlington, Va., for several exciting events:

Exclusive tour of the Library of Congress

Friday, March 8, 2:30 p.m. (meet in the lobby at 2:15 for security check)
James Madison Building
Prints & Photographs Reading Room 337
Washington, D.C.
Event is free, but you must pre-register with Doug York, Civil War Faces
(757) 610-1898 or

Micah Messenheimer, Associate Curator of Photography of the Prints and Photographs Division will lead a back stage tour of selected images from the Civil War collections. After the tour, we’ll meet up for dinner at a local restaurant. The tour is limited to 15 guests. Please contact Doug York to join the list:

Civil War Photo Talks

Saturday, March 9, 6-9 p.m.
Club Room
Holiday Inn Rosslyn
1900 Fort Myer Dr., Arlington, Va.
Event is free. No registration required.

Join us for five presentations focused on showcasing, interpreting and preserving images. Snacks provided.

Civil War-Era Photographs:
Highlights from the National Portrait Gallery
Ann Shumard, Senior Curator of Photographs

In 1976, the National Portrait Gallery formally launched its Department of Photographs. Since that time, each successive curator has worked diligently to build the museum’s collection of portrait photography—including works documenting the key figures of the Civil War era. This illustrated talk will feature highlights from this collecting effort, which very much remains a “work in progress.”

Picturing the Civil War:
Collecting at the Library of Congress
Micah Messenheimer, Associate Curator of Photography

The Prints & Photographs Division of the Library of Congress holds one of the country’s foremost collections of Civil War photography. These treasures comprise not just the studio archives of Mathew Brady’s firm, but continued acquisitions like the Liljenquist collection of cased photographs and cartes-de-visite of everyday men and women, the Gladstone collection of portraiture documenting the social and military history of African-Americans, the Stanford collection of stereographs, major albums of the war, and work by contemporary photographers commenting on the conflict’s continued resonance in America. This talk will examine the varied ways in which these collections have been developed, preserved, and used throughout their history.

Civil War Photo Sleuthing:
Past, Present, and Future
Dr. Kurt Luther,

People have struggled to identify unknown soldiers and sailors in Civil War photos since even before the war ended. In this talk, I trace the 150-year history of photo sleuthing, showing how the passage of time has magnified some challenges, but also unlocked exciting new possibilities. I show how technologies like social media, face recognition, and digital archives allow us to solve photo mysteries that have eluded families and researchers for a century and a half.

The Civil War Photos of the National Archives
Bryan Cheeseboro, National Archives staff

Bryan shares stories about rare events in the hallowed halls of the repository of Civil War records: Finding original Civil War photographs in pension files.

Through a Collector’s Eye
Rick Brown, Senior Editor, Military Images

Rick reviews a selection of images from his collection with an eye to art appreciation, research concepts and social issues.

Civil War Faces Show & Sale

Sunday, March 10
Dogwood Room
Holiday Inn Rosslyn
1900 Fort Myer Dr., Arlington, Va.
Show hours: 10 a.m.-4 p.m.
General admission: $7 (Students with ID free).
Early-bird admission (8:30 a.m.): $25

In conjunction with the 36th Annual D.C. Antique Photo, Postcard & Camera Shows. For more information:

Questions? Please Contact Us

Doug York, Civil War Faces
(757) 610-1898

Ron Coddington, Military Images
(703) 568-1616

New Senior Editors

Military Images covers for Rich Jahn and Kevin Canberg

Pleased to announce that Military Images is expanding its list of Senior Editors to include two outstanding members of the collecting community: Rich Jahn and Kevin Canberg. Both have been wonderful supporters of our mission to showcase, interpret and preserve Civil War soldier and sailor photographs. Please join me in congratulating them.

Rich Jahn is a longtime collector of Civil War portrait photography. An army veteran and Rutgers University graduate, he got his start during the Civil War centennial and later focused on Union and Confederate buckles before embracing ambrotypes and tintypes. A model citizen in the collecting community, Rich is well known to many in the hobby from his appearances at Civil War shows. Rich’s images have been featured in the Time Life Civil War series and in numerous issues of MI, including Volume 1, Number 1, and a gallery of representatives images in the Autumn 2017 issue. He has also served for many years as treasurer of his local Civil War Round Table. The father of two grown children, Rich is retired from 3M and lives with his wife Dianne in Paramus, N.J.

Kevin Canberg, an avid collector of American historic photography, has been both researching and writing about early photography’s role during the Civil War era since his time as a journalism student at Loyola University Maryland. Images from his collection have been featured in numerous books and magazines, and he has placed historic photographs in major public collections and museums, including the Library of Congress. Kevin is a regular contributor of both photographs and articles to MI, including a featured gallery in the Fall 2018 issue. His Civil War-focused writing has also been published in periodicals including the Baltimore Sun. Kevin earned his JD from Pace University School of Law and makes his living as a legal risk management executive for a large financial services company. He shares a passion for early American images, art, and artifacts with his wife, Sarah, and daughter, Darcy.

Blue, Gray & Khaki: Civil War Veterans and Doughboys

Last autumn, Military Images marked the centennial of World War I with a unique collection of images of Civil War veterans posed with Doughboys. In honor of their service, and as an ongoing part of our mission to showcase, interpret and preserve these old photos, we’re making this 11-page gallery available to you for free!

The 30th Annual Daguerreian Society Benefit Auction

The Daguerreian Society is honored to offer THE CIVIL WAR GENERALS CARTE DE VISITE COLLECTION OF ROSECRANS BALDWIN in its entirety. This collection represents 165 Generals from the Union and Confederate sides plus a few notables like William Quantrill and John Wilkes Booth. Rosecrans (aka Crans) is a direct descendant of General Winfield Scott Hancock, and a more distant descendant of General William S. Rosecrans, both well-known Union Generals in the Civil War. For the fascinating story of how Crans became a collectorclick here.


Civil War Generals: The Poster

Oldfield Company presents a new poster featuring six Union and six Confederate generals with quotes that reveal their moving perspectives of the Civil War. This dynamic arrangement of images and quotations chillingly clarifies the realities of the great conflict. The quintessential quotation from each general includes their likeness and their years of birth and death.

Fittingly, the frames surrounding each subject are blue or gray, depending on their affiliation. 

The 24” x 36” dimension fits a standard frame size for economical framing.

Display this handsome print of military leaders of the Civil War on your home, office or classroom wall.

Posters are $25 each, plus $5 shipping and handling. For full purchase information, visit

Here’s a look at each general and his quote.


Finding Aid: January/February 1989

The complete issue

Vol. X, No. 4
(32 pages)

No issues in stock
Subscribe to MI
Explore the MI Archives: Browse | Advanced search | Tutorial


Cover image
A sixth-plate tintype from the collection of James Tassile Carden pictures a group of Union soldiers faking a meal for the photographer.

Editor’s Desk (p. 1)
“Sex sells!” exclaims the editor by way of introducing a feature gallery of daring images of scantily clad women from the Bill Gladstone collection. Also mentioned is a request to donate to the Association for the Preservation of Civil War Sites, Inc. (APCWS)

Mail Call (pp. 2-3)
The letters to the editor includes several clarifications and/or corrections, a plea for images of Civil and Revolutionary War generals, and a lengthy note about Orr’s Rifles by Ron Field.

Passing in Review (pp. 4-5)
The issue features reviews of 10 publications, including Civil War Dictionary (David McKay Co.) by Mar M. Boatner; George B. McClellan, the Young Napoleon (Ticknor & Fields) by Stephen W. Sears; Come Retribution: The Confederate Secret Service and the Assassination of Lincoln (University Press of Mississippi) by William A. Tidwell with James O. Hall and David Winfrey Gaddy; Make Me a Map of the Valley (SMU Press) by Jediah Hotchkiss; Distant Thunder: A Photographic Essay on the American Civil War (Thomasson-Grant) by Sam Abdell and Brian Pohanka; Centennial Campaign: The Sioux War of 1876 (University of Oklahoma Press) by John S. Gray; If It Takes All Summer: The Battle of Spotsylvania (University of North Carolina Press) by William D. Matter; The Siege of Savannah (print by Freedom Hill Press) by Charles Jones; Gaines’ Mills to Appomattox (Texian Press) by Harold B. Simpson; The Brothers’ War: Civil War Letters to Their Loved Ones from the Blue and Gray (Times Books) by Annette Tapert.

Risque Business (pp. 6-7)
A group of seven photographs of lithographs are illustrations of women in various compromising situations. “The cartes reproduced here from the collection of William Gladstone seem naively modest to the jaded modern eye. To the simple soldier of the Victorian era they must have seemed incredibly daring.”

All for the Union: Tales of Ten Federal Soldiers by Orton Begner, Richard Rattenbury, Tom McDonald, Richard Betterly, James Zupan, Brian Pohanka, Barry I. Mickey, Wendell W. Lang Jr. and Seward R. Osborne (pp. 8-13)
Soldier vignettes include Sgt. Seth Plumb of the 8th Connecticut Infantry, Sgt. John V. Richards of the 31st Wisconsin Infantry, the Whiting brothers (Capt. Whiting S. and 1st lt. James W. of the 1st Maine Artillery and 1st lt. Charles A. of the 6th Maine Infantry), Capt. George Bissell of the 5th Wisconsin Infantry, Pvt. William H. Webster of the 96th Ohio Infantry, Pvt. George Wannemacher of the 5th New York Infantry (Duryée Zouaves), Pvt. Henry Williamson of the 1st Vermont Infantry and 7th Squadron Rhode Island Cavalry, Capt. Edward Hall of the 8th Vermont Infantry and Capt. Ambrose N. Baldwin of the 20th New York State Militia.

An Incident at Sangster’s Station by Richard Carlile (pp. 14-15)
The life and death of Lt. Henry Hidden of the 1st New York Cavalry, who suffered fatal wound in action and died on March 9, 1862—the same day as the famed encounter between the Monitor and the Virginia. Hidden is believed to be the first cavalry officer in the Army of the Potomac to die in battle. The text is illustrated by four cartes de visite, two variations on a well-known portrait by Mathew Brady, another Brady image and a photo of Hidden in civilian clothes.

Buddies: Pals in the Great War, from the Collection of Robert Norland (pp. 16-22)
A total of 27 images of groups of Doughboys are pictured in a variety of poses, situations and locations. Identified soldiers that are known to be pictured include Albert Erickson of the 163rd Infantry, 41st Division; Farriers Bothalman, Bellard, Johnson, Sgt. Gipp, James, Mible and Aische of Company A, 107th Engineers; Maj. Samuel M. Johnson and Capt. John H. Pleasants, Company D, 140th Infantry, 35th Division;

The Walking Artillery by Timothy Brookes (p. 23)
A brief history of the 140th Pennsylvania Infantry, illustrated with a carte de visite of Pvt. David Whitehill of Company H. Taken prisoner in the Wheatfield during the Battle of Gettysburg, Whitehill was eventually exchanged and rejoined his regiment. He was killed in action in 1864 during the Battle of Hatcher’s Run.

A Secret Hero & A Secret Weapon: Two vignettes of the Boxer Rebellion by John M. Carroll (pp. 24-25)
Lt. Herbert Goldsmith Squiers, a veteran of 14 years on the western frontier, found himself at the American Embassy in Pekin, China, during the Boxer Rebellion. Serving officially as first secretary, he assumed a leadership role of the defenses of the embassies when the Boxers launched attacks against the fabled city. Key to the defenses was an old muzzle-loading cannon, known affectionately as The Old International. One of the men who worked the weapon, Gunner’s Mate Joseph Mitchell, would receive the Medal of Honor for his bravery in servicing the piece under fire. Images of Squiers, his wife, and several views of the cannon are included.

Stragglers (pp. 26-31)
Solo photos of the unusual, the unidentified & the humorous features images that span the antebellum era through the early 1900s. Included is four ambrotypes of pre-Civil War soldiers, a carte de visite of soldiers of the 71st New York State Militia at mess, the summer encampment of the Lincoln Light Infantry, Nebraska National Guard, and an albumen of a courier wearing a havelock preparing to deliver a message from the officer of the day.

Sutler’s Row (p. 32)

Back cover
A sixth-plate daguerreotype from the collection of Steven Lister is a portrait of a militia sergeant, circa 1846-1850, dressed in a huge bell-crowned shako and equipped with a Model 1842 Springfield musket.

Finding Aid: Winter 2016

The complete issue

Vol. XXXIV, No. 1
(60 pages)

No print issues in stock
Download PDF from JSTOR ($16.00)
Subscribe to MI
Explore the MI Archives: Browse | Advanced search | Tutorial


Cover image
A sixth-plate ruby tintype of John William Rhea of the 6th Texas Cavalry, who brandishes his D-Guard Bowie knife. Rick Brown collection.
Download (free)

Table of Contents (p. 1)
Download (free)

Editor’s Desk (p. 2)
The editor reflects on historian John O’Brien’s study of an iconic photograph of Gen. Robert E’ Lee and Traveller. Specifically, how the power of observation can profoundly impact historical accuracy. He notes, “History is improved by keen observation and scholarship. Take a close look at all the images published in this and other issues of MI. You just might change history.”
Download (free)

Mail Call (p. 3)
Feedback includes a compliment to contributors for sharing their images, a new identification of a musket held by a South Carolinian in the Palmetto Faces gallery, and a suggestion to produce an article that examines the possible use of bugles as props.
Download (free)

Passing in Review (p. 4)
From its early days as a hotbed of colonial rebellion to its role during the Civil War as a prolific supplier of men and materials, the six states of New England have served as a powerhouse for American ideals and revolutionary action. When it came to conformity of Civil War uniforms however, New England was no different than any other region of the country, North or South. In Rally Round the Flag—Uniforms of the Union Volunteers of 1861: The New England States, author and MI Senior Editor Ron Field examines the dizzying array of early war uniforms. A modified excerpt provides background on the short-lived Edmands hat.
Download (free)

Lexington, Not Petersburg by John O’Brien (pp. 6-7)
An iconic image of Gen. Robert E. Lee astride his trusted horse Traveller has long thought to have been taken in Petersburg, Va., during the final months of the Civil War—a reasonable conclusion considering the content of the photograph. Author John O’Brien takes a fresh look at the image, and suggests a new location and date for the image, and identifies the photographers who made it.

Antebellum Warriors (p. 8)
Massachusetts militiaman Hosea Ballot Ellis sits in his full-dress uniform, which includes a pompon-topped dress cap adorned with the brass letter “H” surrounded by a laurel wreath. The letter may signify Ellis’s membership in the Hancock Light Guards, a militia company formed in Quincy in 1855.

The Honored Few (p. 9)
Brave. Aggressive. Fearless. Uncompromising. A writer once used these words to describe Milton Holland – leadership qualities that came into play when he and his regiment, the 5th U.S. Colored Infantry, went into action in Virginia along the front lines of Richmond and Petersburg in the autumn of 1864.

Men of Nerve: The 5th Massachusetts Cavalry in the Civil War by James Paradis (pp. 10-15)
Capt. Andrew F. Chapman filled a photo album with cartes de visite of his comrades in the 5th Massachusetts Cavalry, one of only seven African-American cavalry regiments in the entire Union army during the Civil War. Selected images from the album, published here for the first time, and from the Rick Carlile collection, illustrate the esprit de corps of its cadre of white officers. A profile of the regiment explores the role of the 5th during the final year of the Civil War.

Thoughts on Private Booth by J. Matthew Gallman (p. 16)
“When we attempt to understand history, we often find that empirical truths unfold alongside significant symbolic moments,” writes noted historian Gallman in this reflection on a portrait of Pvt. Booth of the 5th Massachusetts Cavalry. He adds, “And, to make things even more complicated, it is not at all unusual that our collective memory of events (both real and symbolic) differs from how participants understood what they were living through.” The image of this black trooper speaks to emerging themes of democracy, equality and the individualism of the American soldier.

Hidden Treasures: Inside the only museum dedicated solely to Civil War soldier images (pp. 17-27)
The first time Ronn Palm visited the red brick row house on 229 Baltimore Street in Gettysburg, Pa., the prominent archway in the entrance captured his attention. “Holy hell,” he though to himself, as the graceful shape of the building reminded him of a page in a carte de visite album. “That’s how my mind works, you know,” Palm said as he discussed the origins of the museum that bears his name. The building became home to Ronn Palm’s Museum of Civil War Images, and it is the only museum in America dedicated solely to soldier photographs. Representative examples from Palm’s extensive collections are highlighted here.

Photo Sleuth by Kurt Luther (pp. 29-30)
In “How Fellow Collectors, Field Photos and Muttonchops Identified an Unknown Officer,” Luther explains how two less commonly used, but equally valuable resources, namely fellow collectors and field photography, helped him identify 1st Lt.and brevet captain William Ball of the 93rd New York Infantry.

Assassination in Jackson County: A defender of Freedmen is murdered in Reconstruction Florida by William Mason-Palmer (pp. 32-34)
By 1865, the bullets had stopped flying and many of the soldiers in blue and gray marched home. But the residual effects of the war would continue for many years. Although Union veteran John Quincy Dickinson had escaped death on the battlefield, he faced new threats in his assignment to the Freedman’s Bureau in Jackson County, Fla., where he found himself in the crosshairs of the politically charged violence of the reconstruction effort.

Soldier, Author, Bugler: The extraordinary life and lasting military legacy of Oliver Wilcox Norton by Theodore J. Karle (pp. 35-37)
Modest and self-effacing Pennsylvania schoolteacher Oliver Wilcox Norton left behind one of America’s lasting military legacies. His Civil War service included the perils of combat, the joy of perfecting a classic bugle call and leading men of color into battle. Norton’s post-war writings contributed greatly to our understanding of the struggle for Little Round Top at the Battle of Gettysburg in July 1863. Moreover, he helped compose “Taps,” the timeless bugle call honoring fallen soldiers. Lastly, the free thinking Norton served as an officer for two years in the 8th U.S. Colored Infantry.

Uniforms & History by Michael J. McAfee (pp. 38-39)
McAfee explores the Hungarian connection to the Union Army’s Model 1858 uniform hat. It was known by various nicknames, including the “Kossuth hat” in honor of Louis Kossuth (1802-1894) of Hungary, a freedom fighter celebrated across the antebellum U.S. but hardly remembered today.

“Conquer We Must, For Our Cause Is Just” by Kathleen Heyworth (pp. 40-41)
White attitudes towards African Americans varied greatly throughout the Union army during the Civil War, even within regiments. Such was the case in the 7th Illinois Infantry. The respected commander of the unit’s Company G, Capt. Henry Willard Allen, publicly supported the Emancipation Proclamation—an endorsement that cost him his life at the hand of one of his own men.

Riding the Rail, Revisited by Robert L. Kotchian (pp. 42-44)
25 years after a unique photo of a soldier holding an impossible large wood sword and seated astride an oversize “horse” made of timber made the rounds in books and film, Kotchian discovered its origins and connections to Old World punishments.

Stragglers (pp. 45-49)
This issue’s selection of distinctive and unique images from MI contributors is focused on Confederates. Included is Hiram Rathbone of the 62nd North Carolina Infantry, a soldier with a small Confederate national flag protruding from the upturned brim of his hat, a private who may hail from the Virginia Piedmont, John William Rhea of the 6th Texas Cavalry, Edmond R. Brown of the 11th Virginia Infantry, Zachariah Angel Blanton of the 18th Virginia Infantry, and a soldier wearing fur gauntlets and muffler.

The Backdrops of Benton Barracks by Mike Medhurst and Brian Boeve (pp. 50-52)
The bustling Union army’s training facility on the outskirts of St. Louis, Benton Barracks was capable of housing up to 30,000 soldiers at one time. Recruits from Missouri and elsewhere poured into the sprawling complex, where they learned the military arts. Many of these green troops were eager to send home photographs dressed in newly issued uniforms and equipment. And, they did not have to go far. Enterprising photographers used painted canvas backdrops to lure in the soldiers. This survey examines a half dozen examples used by these photographers to bring soldiers into their studios.

Dark Memories After Antietam by Scott Valentine (pp. 53-55)
“Soldier’s Heart” was one term used in the 19th century to describe a mental health condition known today as Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder, or PTSD. Other terms were used by physicians, families and comrades as well, to define the changes that occurred to a man as a result of his Civil War experience, including “Melancholia,” “Nostalgia” and “Homesickness.” One man afflicted was Bernard F. Blakeslee of the 16th Connecticut Infantry. The horrors of Antietam and other wartime experiences left numerous physical injuries that healed over time, and a psychological injury from which he never recovered.

At Stones River, A Sword Lost and Found by Ronald S. Coddington (pp. 56-58)
In the maelstrom of fighting at Stones River, Tenn., on the last day of 1862, dense clouds of gun smoke hung like a pall over the bloody battlefield. At times, the smoke would drift apart to reveal a brief glimpse of the desperate struggle between blue and gray. At one such moment, a federal soldier observed a Union captain drop his sword, grab cartridges and a musket from a fallen comrade, and blast away at the enemy. The event would be recorded in an after-action report as a remarkable act of bravery. The captain, 54-year-old Richard M. Waterman of the 31st Indiana Infantry, was old enough to be the father of many in his command. The story of his participation in the battle and what happened to him afterwards is revealed.

The Last Shot (p. 60)
Collector Dan Binder shares an ambrotype of a bearded Union infantryman with a furrowed brow uses the bayonet of his Prussian Model 1809 Potsdam musket as a convenient hat stand. Three letters attached to the flat part of his cap reveal a C flanked by a pair of Gs. The letters appear reversed here, a limitation of the photographic processes of the time.

Finding Aid: September/October 2011


The complete issue

Vol. XXXI, No. 3
(40 pages)

Purchase back issue (U.S. only, $12.75)
Subscribe to MI
Explore the MI Archives: Browse | Advanced search | Tutorial


Cover Image
Confederate soldier John W. McCown, a private in Company C of the 3rd Battalion Tennessee Infantry. Don Ryberg collection.

Table of Contents (p. 1)

Editor’s Desk (p. 2)
The editor reviews the diverse range of articles in this issue, including the return of Senior Editor John Sickles with vignettes of soldiers and first-time contributor Prof. Sean Heuvel of Christopher Newport University, who has authored the lead article about an officer in the 114th Pennsylvania Infantry.

Front and Back cover details (p. 3)
Additional information is provided about the images pictured on the front, inside back and back covers.

Captain George J. Schwartz, 114th Pennsylvania Infantry, Collis’ Zouaves by Sean Heuvel (pp. 4-7)
The life and military career of Capt. George J. “Jake” Schwartz is detailed, beginning with his service in the 18th Pennsylvania Infantry, a regiment organized for three months in 1861. Schwartz reenlisted in the Company Zouaves De Afrique and later the 114th Pennsylvania Infantry. His combat career came to an end in May 1863 when he was seriously wounded during the Battle of Chancellorsville. He was active in Keystone State politics and veteran’s organizations after the war. His story is illustrated with an engraving that pictures him during the war, two post-war photographs and his sword.

Four at Point Lookout by Mahlon Nichols (pp. 8-9)
Four cartes de visite of Confederates held at Point Lookout Military Prison include three unidentified men dressed in army uniforms and a fourth man who served aboard a blockade runner.

Robert E. Clary Jr., 2nd U.S. Cavalry by John Sickles (pp. 10-11)
A group of three cartes de visite picture Clary at various times during his war service, including an image of him posed with three women. A fourth carte de visite is a portrait of his father, Robert Clary Sr. The younger Clary fell into trouble on at least two occasions documented in an accompanying profile, and was captured and briefly held by Confederate forces in mid-1862.

Thomas H. Lake and the “Little Jeff” by John Sickles (p. 12)
“Tom” Lake served in the 6th Virginia Cavalry in a company that was transferred to the Jeff Davis Legion of Mississippi Cavalry. The company became known as The “Little Jeff” because it had fewer men than other organizations. Tom survived the company’s toughest fight at Upperville, Va., on June 21, 1863. He survived the war and took the oath of allegiance to the federal government on May 1, 1865.

Vignette from the Naval War, 1861-65: The Sennit Hat by Ron Field (pp. 13-15)
Broad-brimmed straw hats, also known as Sennit hats after the Egyptian reed used by British seamen, are pictured in three images of American sailors. Accompanying text details the physical aspects of the hat and a brief history.

Badger Artillerist: Captain William Zickerick, 12th Wisconsin Battery by Michael Martin (pp. 16-17)
William Zickerick, a Prussian army veteran immigrated to Wisconsin with his family in 1848, started his American Civil War experience with a captain’s commission in November 1861. He would go on to participate in several major campaigns with the 12th Wisconsin Battery, including Vicksburg, the March to the Sea and the Carolinas. On May 24, the 12th, with Zickerick in command, fired the first gun that officially started Washington’s Grand Review of the federal armies. Zickerick died in 1906 at age 81. The profile is illustrated with two images of Zickerick, a carte de visite of him in uniform and another long after the war.

Vignette: Robert W. Murphy, 30th Wisconsin Infantry by Michael Martin (p. 18)
Canadian-born Murphy served through the war with the 30th. His adventures carried him from Camp Randall in Madison, Wis., to Dakota Territory. Murphy was discharged on March 30, 1865. At the time he was suffering from tuberculosis.

The Life of Orlando Servis, 9th Indiana Volunteer Infantry by John Sickles (p. 19)
The author notes his recent acquisition of two Civil War photographs of soldiers who served from his home county. One of the men, Orlando Servis, served with distinction in the 9th Indiana. He suffered two wounds during the Atlanta Campaign and ended the war as a sergeant. He died in 1924 at age 83.

What’s My Name? (pp. 20-25)
Ten unidentified images from the collections of MI readers are featured here with brief captions that describe uniform and other details. All appear to be from the Civil War. Included is a Pennsylvania chaplain, several Union officers and a group portrait of four Confederate officers.

Uniforms & History by Michael J. McAfee (pp. 26-32)
McAfee begins this history of the origins of “The Jacket” with a reflection. “Back in the old, old days when Military Images was first begun by Harry Roach this author wrote a series of articles on uniform types, including one on the jacket. It would be nice to report in the intervening three decades (Yes—three decades!) all questions concerning the origins and usages of uniforms during the American Civil War had been resolved. They have not, but a great deal has been added to our knowledge and understanding of Civil War uniforms.” The story that follows is illustrated with 11 images of soldiers wearing variations on the jacket.

The Confederate Soldier (p. 33)
Major Henri St. Paul de Lechard was born in Belgium and commanded the 7th Louisiana Infantry Battalion. When the battalion was disbanded in August 1862, he served as a staff officer until he was paroled on May 12, 1865. The carte de visite portrait of de Lechard was taken by Quinby & Co. of Charleston, S.C., and is in the Don Ryberg collection.

Stragglers (pp. 34-37)
Four images are featured in this issue, including Pvt. Henry E. crouch of the 45th Massachusetts Infantry, Thomas A. Robertson of the 8th and 16th Pennsylvania cavalries, Brig. Gen. James Alexander Walker of the Confederate States army and Capt. Ralph Sheldon of the 2nd Kentucky Cavalry (C.S.A.).

Sutler’s Row (p. 38)

 Coming Up in MI (p. 39)

The Last Shot (p. 40)
Smith S. Turner, a lieutenant in Company B of the 17th Virginia Infantry, served three years with the regiment. He was paroled in Danville in June 1865 and went on to become a lawyer and member of the U.S. House of Representatives. He died in 1898.

Inside Back Cover
Charles H.T. Collis, colonel and commander of the 114th Pennsylvania Infantry, received the Medal of Honor for gallantry at the Battle of Fredericksburg. He ended the war with the brevet rank of major general of volunteers. Ken Turner collection.

Back Cover
Reclining in front of a painted backdrop, this young Union soldier exudes confidence in himself and in the cause for which he has enlisted. Ken Bertholf collection.