Finding Aid: September/October 2011


The complete issue

Vol. XXXI, No. 3
(40 pages)

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Cover Image
Confederate soldier John W. McCown, a private in Company C of the 3rd Battalion Tennessee Infantry. Don Ryberg collection.

Table of Contents (p. 1)

Editor’s Desk (p. 2)
The editor reviews the diverse range of articles in this issue, including the return of Senior Editor John Sickles with vignettes of soldiers and first-time contributor Prof. Sean Heuvel of Christopher Newport University, who has authored the lead article about an officer in the 114th Pennsylvania Infantry.

Front and Back cover details (p. 3)
Additional information is provided about the images pictured on the front, inside back and back covers.

Captain George J. Schwartz, 114th Pennsylvania Infantry, Collis’ Zouaves by Sean Heuvel (pp. 4-7)
The life and military career of Capt. George J. “Jake” Schwartz is detailed, beginning with his service in the 18th Pennsylvania Infantry, a regiment organized for three months in 1861. Schwartz reenlisted in the Company Zouaves De Afrique and later the 114th Pennsylvania Infantry. His combat career came to an end in May 1863 when he was seriously wounded during the Battle of Chancellorsville. He was active in Keystone State politics and veteran’s organizations after the war. His story is illustrated with an engraving that pictures him during the war, two post-war photographs and his sword.

Four at Point Lookout by Mahlon Nichols (pp. 8-9)
Four cartes de visite of Confederates held at Point Lookout Military Prison include three unidentified men dressed in army uniforms and a fourth man who served aboard a blockade runner.

Robert E. Clary Jr., 2nd U.S. Cavalry by John Sickles (pp. 10-11)
A group of three cartes de visite picture Clary at various times during his war service, including an image of him posed with three women. A fourth carte de visite is a portrait of his father, Robert Clary Sr. The younger Clary fell into trouble on at least two occasions documented in an accompanying profile, and was captured and briefly held by Confederate forces in mid-1862.

Thomas H. Lake and the “Little Jeff” by John Sickles (p. 12)
“Tom” Lake served in the 6th Virginia Cavalry in a company that was transferred to the Jeff Davis Legion of Mississippi Cavalry. The company became known as The “Little Jeff” because it had fewer men than other organizations. Tom survived the company’s toughest fight at Upperville, Va., on June 21, 1863. He survived the war and took the oath of allegiance to the federal government on May 1, 1865.

Vignette from the Naval War, 1861-65: The Sennit Hat by Ron Field (pp. 13-15)
Broad-brimmed straw hats, also known as Sennit hats after the Egyptian reed used by British seamen, are pictured in three images of American sailors. Accompanying text details the physical aspects of the hat and a brief history.

Badger Artillerist: Captain William Zickerick, 12th Wisconsin Battery by Michael Martin (pp. 16-17)
William Zickerick, a Prussian army veteran immigrated to Wisconsin with his family in 1848, started his American Civil War experience with a captain’s commission in November 1861. He would go on to participate in several major campaigns with the 12th Wisconsin Battery, including Vicksburg, the March to the Sea and the Carolinas. On May 24, the 12th, with Zickerick in command, fired the first gun that officially started Washington’s Grand Review of the federal armies. Zickerick died in 1906 at age 81. The profile is illustrated with two images of Zickerick, a carte de visite of him in uniform and another long after the war.

Vignette: Robert W. Murphy, 30th Wisconsin Infantry by Michael Martin (p. 18)
Canadian-born Murphy served through the war with the 30th. His adventures carried him from Camp Randall in Madison, Wis., to Dakota Territory. Murphy was discharged on March 30, 1865. At the time he was suffering from tuberculosis.

The Life of Orlando Servis, 9th Indiana Volunteer Infantry by John Sickles (p. 19)
The author notes his recent acquisition of two Civil War photographs of soldiers who served from his home county. One of the men, Orlando Servis, served with distinction in the 9th Indiana. He suffered two wounds during the Atlanta Campaign and ended the war as a sergeant. He died in 1924 at age 83.

What’s My Name? (pp. 20-25)
Ten unidentified images from the collections of MI readers are featured here with brief captions that describe uniform and other details. All appear to be from the Civil War. Included is a Pennsylvania chaplain, several Union officers and a group portrait of four Confederate officers.

Uniforms & History by Michael J. McAfee (pp. 26-32)
McAfee begins this history of the origins of “The Jacket” with a reflection. “Back in the old, old days when Military Images was first begun by Harry Roach this author wrote a series of articles on uniform types, including one on the jacket. It would be nice to report in the intervening three decades (Yes—three decades!) all questions concerning the origins and usages of uniforms during the American Civil War had been resolved. They have not, but a great deal has been added to our knowledge and understanding of Civil War uniforms.” The story that follows is illustrated with 11 images of soldiers wearing variations on the jacket.

The Confederate Soldier (p. 33)
Major Henri St. Paul de Lechard was born in Belgium and commanded the 7th Louisiana Infantry Battalion. When the battalion was disbanded in August 1862, he served as a staff officer until he was paroled on May 12, 1865. The carte de visite portrait of de Lechard was taken by Quinby & Co. of Charleston, S.C., and is in the Don Ryberg collection.

Stragglers (pp. 34-37)
Four images are featured in this issue, including Pvt. Henry E. crouch of the 45th Massachusetts Infantry, Thomas A. Robertson of the 8th and 16th Pennsylvania cavalries, Brig. Gen. James Alexander Walker of the Confederate States army and Capt. Ralph Sheldon of the 2nd Kentucky Cavalry (C.S.A.).

Sutler’s Row (p. 38)

 Coming Up in MI (p. 39)

The Last Shot (p. 40)
Smith S. Turner, a lieutenant in Company B of the 17th Virginia Infantry, served three years with the regiment. He was paroled in Danville in June 1865 and went on to become a lawyer and member of the U.S. House of Representatives. He died in 1898.

Inside Back Cover
Charles H.T. Collis, colonel and commander of the 114th Pennsylvania Infantry, received the Medal of Honor for gallantry at the Battle of Fredericksburg. He ended the war with the brevet rank of major general of volunteers. Ken Turner collection.

Back Cover
Reclining in front of a painted backdrop, this young Union soldier exudes confidence in himself and in the cause for which he has enlisted. Ken Bertholf collection.

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