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Military Images

Finding Aid: July/August 1995

The complete issue

Vol. XVII, No. 1
(40 pages)

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Inside

Cover image
A carte de visite from the Colby Mack collection pictures a horse-drawn carriage with three men, one of which appears to be a convalescing Union soldier.

Editor’s Desk (p. 3)
The editor laments the rising cost of antique military images in the U.S., and notes that there are bargains to be found in Europe.

Mail Call (p. 5)
Letters include critical comments about “Brown the Poet” (May-June 1995) being too far afield for a magazine about military photography, and that no Confederate images were included in the same issue.

Passing in Review (p. 7)
Four publications are mentioned, including Bicycling Through Civil War History in Maryland, West Virginia, Pennsylvania and Virginia (EPM Publications) by Kurt B. Detwiler, Flashman and the Angel of the Lord (Alfred A. Knopf) by George MacDonald Fraser and Who Wore What? Women’s Wear 1861-1865 (Thomas Publications) by Juanita Leisch.

The Rock River Rifles: Company I, 34th Illinois Volunteer Infantry by Scott Cross (pp. 8-9)
A brief history of the company, which fought at Shiloh, Stone’s River, and the Atlanta and Carolinas campaigns, is illustrated with portraits of six members. They include Amos Hostetter, Theophilus Hills, Mason Fuller, Joseph Teeter, Israel Solt and Frederick Ikerman.

A Winter in New Bern: Family visits brighten a season of provost duty in an occupied city of the South by David A. Norris (pp. 10-12)
This photo analysis is focused on two photographs from the MOLLUS collection at the U.S. Army Military History Institute in Carlisle Barracks, Pa. One pictures a group of officers and ladies posed on the porch of a frame home. Another is Union Maj. Gen. John G. Foster and his staff standing in front of headquarters of the Department of North Carolina.

Midwestern Masterpieces: Images from the collection of Donald Bates (pp. 13-19)
An interview with Bates is illustrated by 23 portraits. All are hard plate formats and none are identified.

The Lucky Company: Co. A, 95th Ohio Infantry by Coby Mack (pp. 20-21)
A summary of the company’s service, including the Vicksburg Campaign, is illustrated with 14 gem-sized tintypes, 13 of which are identified. They include David Evans, Henry Schrock, William Davies, Sylvester Gale, Eli Dennison, Evan Evans, Jonah Whitaker, George Schrock, Frederick Weadon, William Walton, Smith Dulin, Edward Ulric and Josiah Landis.

Uncommon Soldiers: Vignettes from the Brothers’ War (pp. 22-31)
A collection of images and profiles include the following soldiers: John R. Beatty of the 2nd Minnesota Infantry, John Emanuel Ayers of the 58th Virginia Infantry, Clarence Mauck of the 4th U.S. Cavalry and Edwin Mauck of the 6th U.S. Cavalry, Abner Charles Lay of the 13th Georgia Infantry, Cornelius Starr Thomasson of the 6th Alabama Infantry, John Cuthbert Carroll of the 15th Kentucky Infantry and the 14th and 32nd U.S. Infantries, Frederick William Bush of the 1st Arkansas Infantry, Arthur Cranston of the 7th and 55th Ohio Infantries and the 4th U.S. Artillery, Samuel Alfred Craig of the 105th Pennsylvania Infantry and John Henry Hatfield of the 4th Mississippi Cavalry Battalion and the 8th Confederate Cavalry.

Uniforms & History by Michael J. McAfee (p. 33)
In “Turncoats: Regulars who went South in 1861,” McAfee discusses the large number of soldiers, including Robert E. Lee and others, who joined the Confederate army. The text is illustrated with a circa 1861 carte de visite of Pierre G.T. Beauregard.

Stragglers (pp. 34-35)
The theme of this grouping of five images is “oddball insignia.” Included is a navy paymaster, a possible chaplain, a hospital steward and a post-Civil War Marine.

Captain Bob’s Caveat Emptorium (p.37)
In this column, the slick Captain attempts to convince us that a modern view of Brian Pohanka’s 5th New York Zouaves is an original photo to the Civil War period.

Sutlers’ Row (pp. 38-40)

Back cover
A continuation of the cover image.

Finding Aid: May/June 1995

The complete issue

Vol. XVI, No. 6
(40 pages)

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Inside

Cover image
Since the magazine was founded in 1979, Mark Supplee’s portrait has appeared on our letterhead and business cards. Here at last he receives due recognition.

Editor’s Desk (p. 3)
The editor previews projects in development, including an all-Confederate issue, Tennessee Confederates, and notes a display of women’s fashions from the Civil War period.

Mail Call (pp. 4-5)
Letters include commentary on the use of the term kepi to describe a cap, the identification of soldiers pictured in an image as members of Elmer E. Ellsworth’s United States Zouave Cadets, and praise for the recent story about American Hussars.

Lieutenant Mark Supplee, 51st Pennsylvania Infantry: The story behind a well-known face by Harry Roach (p. 7)
Supplee started his enlistment in the regiment as an orderly sergeant, advanced to second lieutenant and suffered a foot wound at the Battle of Fredericksburg that eventually ended his service. He lived until 1901. Supplee’s portrait illustrates the text.

Rank & File: An album of images from our readers (pp. 8-16)
This gallery of 37 images is a potpourri of subjects that range from a double exposure of Chaplain Thomas Murphy of the 1st Delaware Infantry to unique medals and badges, casualties of war, navy men and more.

Brown the Poet by Mark Dunkelman (pp. 17-19)
Sergeant James Byron Brown of the 154th New York Infantry wrote at least three patriotic poems that were published. Brown survived the war but his whereabouts after he was discharged for disability in July 1864 are not known. Brown’s portrait illustrates the text.

Murder in Dayton, Death of George Waterman: Copperheads slay lieutenant of the 115th Ohio by Timothy Brookes (pp. 20-22)
George Lawson Waterman, a promising young officer, was ordered to quell Copperhead rowdies in Dayton in May 1863. Months later, in September, Waterman was on duty in Dayton when his was shot in the thigh by one of the rowdies. The wound proved fatal. A wartime image of Waterman, posed with fellow Lt. John Eadie, and a modern photograph of Waterman’s grave stone illustrate the text.

A Look at the Other Side: Carte de visite backmarks of the Civil War era by Tom LaPorte (pp. 23-25)
Eagles and the personification of Liberty are two of the motifs explored in this overview of photographer’s imprints. A total of 14 images illustrate the text.

Mystery Zouaves: Unknown soldiers in baggy pants by Robert Fulmer (pp. 26-29)
A total of 14 images include infantrymen of the 14th Brooklyn, 114th Pennsylvania (Collis’s Zouaves) and other regiments across the Union.

Uniforms & History by Michael J. McAfee (pp. 30-31)
In “Company A, 10th Regiment, National Guard, State of New York—The Albany Zouave Cadets, 1861-1865,” McAfee provides details about the uniform and history of this regiment of the company. Two cartes de visite illustrate the text, a portrait of an unidentified musician and another of Pvt. Louis D. Graveline.

Stragglers (p. 33)
Solo photos from our readers include Samuel Calhoun of the 7th Iowa Infantry, who wrote his name and regiment on the chinstrap of his cap, and a pair of images of Paul Zink of the 58th Ohio Infantry and his son Charles, who was killed in action in France in 1918.

Passing in Review (pp. 34-36)
Six publications are mentioned, including The Mutiny at Brandy Station: The Last Battle of the Hooker Brigade (Bates & Blood Press) by Frederick B. Arner, Årbok 1994 (Norsk Vapenhistorik Selskap) edited by Knut Erik Strom, The Shipwreck of Their Hopes (University of Illinois Press) by Peter Cozzens, Confederate Raider (Brassey’s) by John M. Taylor and more.

Captain Bob’s Caveat Emptorium (p.37)
In this column, the wily Captain attempts to convince readers that a portrait of a group of servants are Clara Barton posing with other Civil War nurses.

Sutlers’ Row (pp. 38-40)

Back cover
A salt print from the Thomas Woolworth Collection pictures Lt. William Coffin Little of the 1st City Guard, a San Francisco militia company.

Ushering in a New Era of Soldier Identification

The face recognition technology used in CWPS displays unique reference points used for comparison to other images. Betaface.com.

Back in February at Virginia Tech in Blacksburg, I glimpsed the future of soldier photo identification. In the conference room of a building on campus, professor Kurt Luther brought our team up to date on CivilWarPhotoSleuth.com (CWPS).

In this moment, I realized that the time-honored process of soldier identification evidenced on the pages of this magazine since it’s founding had met the Digital Age.

Kurt is the founder of CWPS, and Military Images is a proud partner.

I came to know Kurt three years ago at the 2014 Gettysburg Show, where we had a great conversation amidst the hustle and bustle of activity. We shared our enthusiasm for Civil War portrait photography, and I came away deeply impressed by his grit and determination to identify unknown soldiers and sailors. And, Kurt was friendly and engaging to boot.

Our conversation paved the way for Photo Sleuth, Kurt’s regular column in MI. Since its debut in the Winter 2015 issue, Photo Sleuth has explored concepts, methods and tools through case studies and other means. The columns have provided a tremendous boost to photo sleuths of all stripes, and I’ve found them incredibly helpful in my own research.

Kurt’s work builds on the traditional approaches and processes familiar to anyone who has attempted to put a name to the face of an unknown Civil War soldier: Basic observations of uniforms, equipment and back drops, provenance and painstaking research using primary documents, journals, books, databases and other sources. I am reminded of many hours spent flipping through pages of regimental histories, searching faces on the American Civil War Research Database (HDS), and reaching out to fellow collectors through email and on Facebook—all in anticipation of that Zen moment when a rock-solid identification is made.

CivilWarPhotoSleuth.com is the next advancement in the identification process. CWPS brings together photo archives, research tools and online community to increase identifications and support new scholarship related to Civil War portrait photography.

Turn to Kurt’s column on page 18 for details about this exciting new tool. And if you are planning to visit this year’s Gettysburg Show from June 24-25, join Kurt and I at the MI table for a live demo. Oh, and bring an unidentified photo with you!

Together, I hope we can put even more names to faces of the unknowns in blue and gray.

Finding Aid: Summer 2017

The complete issue

Vol. XXXV, No. 3
(80 pages)

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Inside

Cover image
A sixth-plate ambrotype from the Rusty Hicks Collection pictures Benjamin James Hawthorne of the 38th Virginia Infantry.
Download (free)

Table of Contents (p. 1)
Download (free)

Editor’s Desk (p. 2)
In “Ushering in a New Era of Soldier Identification,” the editor introduces readers to CivilWarPhotoSleuth.com. A research tool designed for photo sleuths, it uses brings together photo archives, facial recognition and online community to identify unknown portraits of soldiers and sailors.
Download (free)

Mail Call (pp. 3-4)
Feedback on the last issue includes a call to action for more photo collectors to help tell the stories of battles through the personal accounts of soldiers who participated, praise for the Spring 2017 issue and a correction for a misidentified image.
Download (free)

Passing in Review (p. 6)
Bill Lipke and Bill Mares explore memory and monuments in Grafting Memory: Essays on War and Commemoration (Mares Publishing).
Download (free)

Dream Reports: Excerpts from the Dream Journal of Alexander S. Paxton, 4th Virginia Infantry by Jonathan W. White (pp. 8-10)
Alexander Sterrett Paxton kept diaries of his dreams during the war. Six volumes in number, the diaries are a unique chronicle of how war invaded the dreams of a Confederate soldier.

Antebellum Warriors (p. 12)
A quarter-plate daguerreotype from the Dan Binder Collection pictures Daniel D. Tompkins, an early graduate of West Point who went on to serve a long and distinguished career that extended into the Civil War.

The Honored Few (p. 13)
In “Three Bullets at Gettysburg,” we meet James Monroe “Roe” Reisinger of the 150th Pennsylvania Infantry. He tells the story of how he suffered three bullet wounds on the first day of the Battle of Gettysburg. He received the Medal of Honor in 1907.

Most Hallowed Ground (p. 14)
Born in Georgia, raised in Alabama and educated in Tennessee, Fred Beall found himself in Mississippi when the war began. He joined the state’s 10th Cavalry. He is buried in the Confederate section of Arlington National Cemetery.

Uniforms & History by Michael J. McAfee (p. 16)
In “The Well-Dressed Militiaman: More than a ‘Shirt-collar and a pair of Spurs,’” Mike shares background information about militia uniforms. The column is illustrated with a circa 1860 ambrotype of Peter H. Hoyt of the “Independent Guard” of the 2nd Regiment Foot Militia of the State of New Jersey.

Photo Sleuth by Kurt Luther (pp. 18-19)
Kurt provides details about Civil War Photo Sleuth, a new digital tool that promises to redefine photo sleuthing. If you have an interest in trying out our software (for free) and providing feedback, Kurt notes, please visit CivilWarPhotoSleuth.com and sign up.
Download (free)

Sons of Virginia (pp. 21-37)
A survey of 27 portraits and personal narratives are representative of the 155,000 Virginia volunteers who served in the Confederate military. Included is William Henry Magann of the 2nd Virginia Cavalry, who fought at the Battle of Brandy Station, John Thomas Willingham, who served as a courier and scout for Gen. Robert E. Lee, Benjamin James Hawthorne of the 38th Virginia Infantry, who survived the war and is pictured in the iconic photo of grizzled veterans reenacting Pickett’s Charge at the 50th anniversary encampment in 1913, and more.

Little Man, Lion Heart: The life and times of “Tete” Smith of the 4th Georgia Infantry by Robert W. Elliott with Ronald S. Coddington (pp. 38-40)
Lawyer, judge, and soldier, Capt. William Ephraim Smith received his nickname when he was a boy from a Frenchman. During the Civil War, he served with distinction until the Battle of King’s Schoolhouse, the first of the Seven Days Battles in 1862, ended his military career.

Faces of Gettysburg (pp. 41-53)
A survey of 25 portraits of identified soldiers, 22 Union and 3 Confederate, with short stories of how they came to be casualties during the 1863 Battle of Gettysburg. Included is George C. Gordon of the 24th Michigan Infantry, who was captured on July 1, James E. Glezen of the 137th New York Infantry, who was captured at Culp’s Hill on July 2 and Charles H. Womack of the 14th Virginia Infantry, who suffered a mortal wound during Pickett’s Charge on July 3.

For Life and Lone Star Honor: A Texan at Gettysburg by Miranda Dean (pp. 54-56)
Benjamin Asbury Campbell and his battle-hardened comrades in the 1st Texas Infantry attacked Union positions along Houck’s Ridge and the Devil’s Den on the afternoon of July 2. Many of them would not come put alive, including Campbell. His death deprived the regiment of a respected officer and his wife a husband.

Always a Collector: Images from the Mike Werner Collection (pp. 57-66)
If you have walked the aisles of any of the major Civil War shows over the years, chances are you’ve passed Mike Werner and his wife, Yvonne. Werner, a fourth generation farmer from Iowa, raises corn and soybeans. He is also a dedicated student of history. He’s been collecting since 1988, and representative images from his holdings are published here.

Stragglers: Distinctive Images from MI contributors (pp. 67-69)
Six images are included, and all are enlisted men in Gray. Two of the men are identified, Donalson Gwyn of the 1st Regiment, North Carolina Reserves and William S. Pessnell of the 22nd Alabama Infantry. Both men died of disease before the end of the war.

Dispatches from Hell: Junius Henri Browne’s great escape from Secessia by Ronald S. Coddington (pp. 70-73)
Browne, a war correspondent for Horace Greeley’s New York Tribune, fell into enemy hands near Vicksburg, Miss., on May 3, 1863. Treated as a combatant, he was hauled off to prison. This began a 20-month odyssey that ended with his dramatic escape from the prisoner of war camp at Salisbury, N.C. A portrait of Browne in the clothes he wore during his escape illustrates the narrative.

A Deaf Prince in Art and War: The Prince de Joinville, French exile and military advisor by Harry G. Lang (pp. 74-77)
Described by President Abraham Lincoln’s secretary John Hay as having the finest mind he ever met in the army, France’s Prince de Joinville was a highly capable military man. He was also deaf, which seemed not to deter from his effectiveness. Author Harry G. Lang, author of the new book Fighting in the Shadows: Untold Stories of Deaf People in the Civil War, takes a fresh look at the French royal.

Sutler’s Row (p. 79)

The Last Shot (p. 80)
Two Virginia heavy artillerymen attack a bottle of wine, as evidenced by the two generously filled drinking glasses. Theories for exactly what they celebrated abound: The Confederacy, joining the army, military success or comradeship to name a few.

Finding Aid: March/April 1995

The complete issue

Vol. XVI, No. 5
(40 pages)

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Inside

Cover image
A sixth-plate tintype from the Herb Peck Jr. Collection pictures a Union soldier armed with a Hall carbine and a Model 1851 Colt Navy revolver.

Editor’s Desk (p. 3)
The editor announces that a recent run of back issue purchases has practically wiped out the stock, and congratulates Lawrence Jones and his staff on the 20th anniversary of the Confederate Calendar.

Mail Call (pp. 4-5)
Letters include a portrait of Confederate sailor John Grimball, who was not included in the recent story about his photograph album, feedback on American Hussars, painted backdrops and more.

A Jersey Journey: Being the perambulations of the 10th New Jersey Infantry, Late Olden’s Legion by Joseph G. Bilby (pp. 6-13)
A profile of the regiment is illustrated with 14 portrait photographs. All but one is identified, including a group portrait of John Menish, William Wright and Benjamin Harris, and individual views of Henry O. Ryerson, Charles H. Tay, John Johnson, Henry Perrine, Richard Herring, William Snowden, James Jordan and others.

California’s Collodion Artist: The images of William Dunniway by Floyd D.P. Øydegaard (pp. 14-19)
This survey includes 14 modern images of reenactors. At first glance, they appear to wartime portraits. But a closer look reveals slight differences that do not mesh with originals from the period.

On to Canada! … Again? A history of the Fenian invasion of 1872 by Bill Goble (pp. 22-25)
The author notes in his introduction, “To many Irish-Americans the Civil War was merely a prelude to the real struggle.” What follows is the story of the Fenians and their struggle, illustrated by portraits of leaders Thomas Sweeny and Samuel P. Spear. Also included are four related outdoor views and a photo postcard that has been incorrectly identified as Fenians.

William Spencer McCaskey: U.S. Volunteer, U.S. Regular, and A Lancaster Fencible by Hartman McIntosh (pp. 26-28)
A Pennsylvanian, McCaskey began his war service in the Lancaster Fencibles, a local militia company, which became part of the 1st Pennsylvania Infantry, a 90-day regiment. He went on to help recruit Company B of the 79th Pennsylvania Infantry and with this regiment served through the rest of the war. He joined the Regular army in 1866 and found himself at Fort Abraham Lincoln in Dakota Territory when the Battle of the Little Bighorn occurred. It fell to him to break the news of George Armstrong Custer’s death to the deceased colonel’s wife, Libby. McCaskey later earned his brigadier’s star and commanded troops during the Spanish-American War. Three portraits of McCaskey, taken at different times during his long military career, illustrate the text.

Mr. Hall’s Breechloader by John Sickles (pp. 29-30)
A weapons analysis is a history of this carbine, which was first patented by John Hancock Hall in 1811. Though improved during the years, it was considered obsolete by the start of the Civil War. Three portraits of unidentified Union soldiers posed with the carbine illustrate the text.

Uniforms & History by Michael J. McAfee (p. 31)
In “8th Regiment, New York Volunteer Infantry (‘1st German Rifles’),” McAfee provides details about the uniform and history of this regiment of immigrants raised by Louis Blenker in 1861. A portrait of an unidentified private in the regiment illustrates the text.

Stragglers (pp. 32-34)
Solo photos of the humorous and the unusual from the collections of our readers includes a Yank with knife and revolver, an unidentified militia company, officers posed around a pond, the color party of the 10th Kentucky Infantry and more.

Pop Quiz No. 477: Can you identify these soldiers? (p. 35)
Three images, each with multiple choice answers, are featured.

Passing in Review (pp. 36-37)
Five publications are mentioned, including The Pattons: A Personal History of an American Family (Crown Publishers) by Robert H. Patton, Supplement to the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies (Broadfoot Publishing) edited by Janet Hewett, Noah Andre Trudeau and Bryce Suderow, Letters from a Sharpshooter: The Civil War Letters of Private William Green…2nd U.S. Sharpshooters, 1861-65 (University Press of Virginia) edited by William Hastings and more.

Sutlers’ Row (pp. 39-40)

Back cover
A reprint of a soldier posed in front of the “Withered Tree” backdrop. It was originally published (poorly) in the July-August 1994 issue.

Finding Aid: September/October 1994

The complete issue

Vol. XVI, No. 2
(40 pages)

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Inside

Cover image
An ambrotype from the Ray Shytle family pictures an ancestor, Pvt. John T. Shitle of the 48th North Carolina Infantry, who was mortally wounded and captured at Antietam.

Editor’s Desk (p. 1)
The editor introduces this all-Confederate issue with a focus on the Trans-Mississippi, courtesy of the collection of Dr. Tom Sweeney, proprietor of “General Sweeney’s Museum” in Republic, Mo.

Mail Call (p. 3)
The letters to the editor includes praise and comments about the recent all-navy issue and a mention of the Anthony Company and their “early reproductions” of cartes de visite.

Passing in Review (p. 5)
Five publications are mentioned, including A Dose of Frontier Soldiering: The Memoirs of Corporal E.A. Bode, 1877-1882 (University of Nebraska Press) edited by Captain Thomas T. Smith, An Introduction to Civil War Civilians (Thomas Publications) by Juanita Leisch, The Confederacy’s Forgotten Son (Rockbridge Publishing) by Harold Woodward, and more.

Western Confederates: A Gallery of Rebs from the Trans-Mississippi West by Dr. Tom Sweeney (pp. 6-19)
A survey of 56 images, most from General Sweeney’s Museum in Republic, Mo., is divided into subsections that include a general introduction (4 images), A Gallery of Generals (13 images), Confederates in the Indian Territory (6 images), The Missouri State Guard (9 images), Western Cavalry and Partisan Rangers (7 images), Foot Soldiers (10 images), Gunners (4 images) and Into New Mexico at War’s End (3 images).

Raider: A rare view of C.S.S. Alabama in South Africa (pp. 20-21)
This variation of the well-known view of Capt. Raphael Semmes leaning on the barrel of a Dahlgren gun pictures an unidentified officer in the foreground and the crew behind him. The print is owned by Roger L. DeMik, a Tennessee attorney and collector who specializes in Confederate naval history.

One of the DeSoto Brothers: John T. Malone, Company I, 29th Mississippi Infantry by Mary Lou Wilcox Reed (pp. 22-23)
Two letters by Malone, one dated Aug. 10, 1864, in the trenches near Atlanta, and another dated April 15, 1890, from Capelville, Tenn., anchor his profile. He and his comrades volunteered from their homes in DeSoto County, located on the Mississippi/Tennessee border not far from Memphis, Tenn. A wartime photo of Malone illustrates the text.

A Few Good Tar Heels by Greg Mast (pp. 24-31)
A sampling of nine images from Mast’s new book on North Carolinians at war, the first of two volumes. It is expected to be released at the end of the year. All of the featured portraits are identified soldiers, each accompanied by a biographical sketch. They include William Wallis McDowell of the 1st Infantry, James Madison Ragland of the 46th Infantry, John William Mercer of the 1st Cavalry, and others.

Sensational Shirts: A Retrospective by Hartman McIntosh (pp. 32-34)
A study of 8 portraits of mostly Southern soldiers displays a variety of elaborately patterned shirts.

Uniforms & History by Michael J. McAfee (p. 35)
In “The First South Carolina Rifles (Orr’s Regiment),” McAfee focuses on the regiment’s history. The text is illustrated with a carte de visite of William E. Round of Company B. A wartime copy-print by Webster of Binghamton, N.Y., Round’s connection to the Empire State is not known.

Stragglers (pp. 36-37)
Billed as “Solo images of Southern soldiers brought together for this Confederate issue,” the grouping includes 7 portraits. Three of the soldiers, all infantrymen, are identified: Saunders Myers of the 4th Florida, John David Walker of the 1st Georgia and Amasa V. Going of the 12th Louisiana.

Sutler’s Row (pp. 39-40)

Back cover
A sixth-plate ambrotype by an anonymous collector is a portrait of a North Carolina infantryman.

Finding Aid: July/August 1994

The complete issue

Vol. XVI, No. 1
(40 pages)

No issues in stock
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Inside

Cover image
A carte de visite from the Minnesota Historical Society pictures William Henry Gale of the 11th Minnesota Infantry posed with a camera.

Editor’s Desk (p. 1)
The editor announces the move to 40 pages. Most of the additional space is dedicated to articles and photographs. He asks readers to keep contributing and points out that circulation needs to increase.

Mail Call (p. 3)
The letters to the editor includes details about the remains of the gunboat Eastport and a note about the 1864 addition of a star to the cuff insignia of Union navy officers.

Passing in Review (p. 5)
Two publications are mentioned, Custer’s Last Campaign: Mitch Boyer and the Little Bighorn Reconstructed (University of Nebraska Press) by John S. Gray and Historical Register & Dictionary of the United States Army, 1789-1903 (Genealogical Publishing Co.) by Francis Heitman.

Precious Shadows: The importance of photographers to Civil War soldiers, as revealed by a typical Union regiment by Mark Dunkelman and Michael Winey (pp. 6-13)
The importance of photographs, akin to letters and packages from home, cannot be underestimated for their morale-boosting ability. “Photographs sent by family and friends were deeply desired by Civil War soldiers, treasured when they were received, and cherished as precious mementos of loved ones at home,” observes the authors. The narrative is illustrated with a dozen images of members of the 154th New York Infantry, including a hard-plate image of Amos Humiston, who was found dead on the battlefield of Gettysburg, clutching an ambrotype of his three children.

Roy’s Rebs: Confederate images in the collection of Roy Mantle (pp. 14-19)
A survey of 17 images from Mantle, who began collecting in 1982. None of the images are fully identified, though all are strong examples of Confederate photography.

A Pair of Crimson Tales: The Harvard Cadets and a Harvard Rivalry by Jack Trotter and Robert F. Dame Esq. (pp. 20-21)
“A History of the Harvard Cadets,” by Trotter, is illustrated with a portrait of an unidentified officer. “A Harvard Rivalry,” by Dame, traces the history of Harvard graduates in the 20th Massachusetts Infantry. The author’s ancestor, Pvt. Anton Steffens, was killed at Fredericksburg in December 1862.

Backdrops: Another look at photographic set design of the Civil War era (pp. 22-25)
Another selection of elaborately painted backdrops is the focus of this survey of 16 images. Most of the backdrops are military themed, but a few are bucolic views of flora and fauna.

The Feast of Victorian Proportions: Backdrops from 1870 to 1900, by Anthony Gero (pp. 26-28)
A study of 9 portraits of soldiers and sailors suggests that though the uniforms have changed, the backdrops are of the same quality and style as those painted during the Civil War.

The Withered Tree Backdrop by Terry McGinnis (p. 29)
A truncated stump located at the bottom left of a painted canvas backdrop provided a convenient place for photo sleuthing by the author. His investigations revealed that the photographer may have worked at Camp Dennison or Camp Dick Corwin in Ohio.

Uniforms & History by Michael J. McAfee (pp. 30-34)
In “U.S. Marine Corps, 1861-65,” McAfee examines the uniforms worn before and during the Civil War. The text is illustrated by 15 images, including a full page dedicated to variations on the officer’s uniform.

His Brother’s Keeper by David Sullivan (pp. 35-36)
The story of the Marine Battalion at the First Battle of Bull Run is illustrated with portraits of Lt. Joseph Fairchild Baker of the Marines and his brother, Capt. John Pope Baker of the 1st U.S. Cavalry.

Stragglers (p. 37)
A single photo, an ambrotype of Col. William M. Shy of the 20th Tennessee Infantry, is part of the collection of Ronny Mangrum of Franklin, Tenn.

Sutler’s Row (pp. 38-40)

Back cover
A carte de visite from the Steve Rogers Collection is a portrait of M. Jeff Thompson, better known as the Missouri Swamp Fox.

Finding Aid: March/April 1994

The complete issue

Vol. XV, No. 5
(32 pages)

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Inside

Cover image
A ninth-plate daguerreotype from the Jules Martino Collection pictures an officer from the Mexican War period.

Editor’s Desk (p. 1)
The editor reports the opening of a museum by Dr. Tom Sweeney and his wife Karen. Located next to the Wilson’s Creek Battlefield, it “houses the finest assortment of Trans-Mississippi material under one roof.”

Mail Call (pp. 3-4)
The letters to the editor includes the identifications of a group portrait featured in the recent prisoners of war gallery, a possible identification of the September/October 1993 cover image and the identification of a uniform worn by one of the soldiers in the “Billy Reb and Johnny Yank” pictorial quiz published in the last issue.

On the Plains of Mexico: Two vignettes from the Mexican-American War of 1846 (pp. 5-6)
Abraham Schell of the 2nd Pennsylvania Regiment and Hiram Dryer of The Regiment of Mounted Rifles are profiled here, and each is illustrated with the soldier’s likeness.

Feds & Rebs: A survey of recent photographic acquisitions by our readers (pp. 7-15)
A total of 43 images across the Civil War spectrum are included, with a focus on Zouaves and Confederates.

The Rochester Union Grays: A daguerreian glimpse by John A. Graf (pp. 16-17)
A history of this antebellum militia company, which begins in 1838, is illustrated with a circa 1845 quarter-plate daguerreotype of eight members in full dress.

“Harvey:” War Dog of the 104th Ohio: A biography from the Canine Corps by Timothy Brookes (pp. 18-19)
Two views of Harvey the bull dog illustrate his profile. According to sources, his first service was with the 8th Pennsylvania Reserve Infantry. He and his owner, Daniel M. Stearns, participated in the Peninsula Campaign. Harvey was reportedly wounded. Stearns went on to serve in the 104th, and brought Harvey with him. A wartime image of Stearns is also included.

We Could Not Enjoy War Without Them: The uncommon bonds of the 6th Maine and the 5th Wisconsin by Joseph Covais (pp. 20-25)
Though the two regiments were raised 1,000 miles apart in separate states, its members formed a special relationship after they brigaded together in 1862. The text is illustrated with wartime portraits, engravings and a reunion badge.

96th Day Bombing Squadron by John Sickles (pp. 26-27)
The discovery of a World War I era photo album prompted the author to research and write a brief history of the unit. The text is illustrated with three images from the album, two of which picture bi-planes flown by members of the Squadron.

Uniforms & History by Michael J. McAfee (p. 29)
In “4th Wisconsin Volunteer Infantry, 1861,” McAfee sheds light on the gray uniform with black trim originally issued to the regiment. The 4th was later converted to a cavalry regiment and given standard national blue uniforms.

Passing in Review (p. 28)
Four publications are highlighted, including Maine to the Wilderness: The Civil War Letters of Pvt. William Lamson, 20th Maine Infantry (Publisher’s Press) edited by Roderick Engert, Chancellorsville 1863: The Souls of the Brave (Alfred Knopf) by Ernest Furguson, Civil War Prisons & Escapes (Sterling Publishing) by Robert E. Denney and North Carolina Troops 1861-1865: A Roster, Vol. XIII, 53rd-56th Regiments (North Carolina Division of Archives and History) by Weymouth T. Jordan Jr.

Sutlers’ Row (pp. 31-32)

Back cover
Four hard plate images of Zouaves.

Finding Aid: January/February 1994

The complete issue

Vol. XV, No. 4
(32 pages)

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Inside

Cover image
A carte de visite from the Michael Albanese Collection is a panoramic view of the prison camp at Elmira, N.Y.

Editor’s Desk (p. 1)
The editor reports the enthusiastic and positive response by readers for more all-state and other themed issues.

Mail Call (p. 2)
The letters to the editor includes praise for the recent Mike Winey interview and the survey of Iowa soldiers.

In Durance Vile: A photographic album of prisoners of war (pp. 4-8)
A survey of 13 portraits of Union and Confederate men who were held in captivity during the war illustrates text with a summary of statistics. Three of the images picture men after their release from prison, one of which is identified: Maj. H.N. Attkisson of the 50th Indiana Infantry.

A Volunteer from the Volunteer State: J.A.H. Lankford, 5th Tennessee Infantry, C.S.A. by Mary Lou Baxter Reed and Sam Reed (pp. 9-11)
The subject of this profile, John Alexander Hamilton Lankford, is pictured in two portraits, one in civilian clothes and another in uniform. He survived four years in the Confederate army and lived until 1914.

A Yankee Lieutenant Rides the Underground Railroad: The Daring Escape of Lieutenant Henry Estabrooks, 26th Massachusetts Infantry, late a prisoner of the Rebels by Eric Baker (pp. 12-15)
Captured at the Battle of Winchester on Sept. 19, 1864, 2nd Lt. Estabrooks vowed to escape after he fell into enemy hands. This is the story of how he did it, with the help of slaves as he traveled a path used by men and women of color seeking freedom from bondage. Two images of Estabrooks, pictured before and after his capture, illustrate the text.

A New Look at Billy Reb and Johnny Yank or, Confusion in the Ranks (pp. 16-22)
The introduction to this pictorial quiz summarizes the concept of this piece: “Here and on the following pages we bring you an array of images from the Civil War period. Some are Yanks in ‘gray,’ some are Rebs in ‘blue,’ and some are the other way ‘round. Can you tell Billy from Johnny? Use your powers of observation. Draw no hasty conclusions. Answers are on page 21.”

Union Men: Brief accounts of soldiers who fought for the North, 1861-1865 (pp. 23-27)
Seven soldiers are profile, each illustrated with one or more wartime portraits. They include John McNeese of the 1st Maryland Infantry, Robert M.A. Hawk and Tom Hawk of the 92nd Illinois Mounted Infantry, Andrew Scott of the 67th U.S. Colored Infantry, George W. Mead of the 9th Minnesota Infantry, Leonidas Meeker of the 5th Ohio Cavalry and Charles Orin Hatch of the 1st New York Mounted Rifles.

Passing in Review (p. 28)
Three publications are highlighted, including Patriots in Disguise: Woman Warriors of the Civil War (Paragon House) by Richard Hall, Women at Gettysburg 1863 (Thomas Publications) by E.F. Conklin and A Moment in Time: Images of Victorian Fashions from the Mid-1800s (MAC Publications) by Marilynn Cashin.

Uniforms & History by Michael J. McAfee (p. 29)
In “22nd Regiment, National Guard, State of New York (Part II),” McAfee references his November/December 1988 column about the original gray uniforms worn by its members and provides new information about the blue chasseur uniforms issued in the autumn of 1862.

Stragglers (p. 30)
A single image from the Robert Kotchian Collection pictures the Christmas feast of the 110th Company at Fort Monroe, Okla., in 1910.

Sutlers’ Row (pp. 31-32)

Back cover
The cover image continues.

Finding Aid: November/December 1993

The complete issue

Vol. XV, No. 3
(32 pages)

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Inside

Cover image
Private Tresvant D. Childers of the Fowler-Phelan Battery poses with a sign that leaves no doubt where his loyalties lay.

Editor’s Desk (p. 1)
The editor observes that this issue is dedicated to soldiers from Iowa, and expresses a concern that all-state issues have received little or no comment. He is considering doing away with these themed issues, but before doing so wants to hear from readers.

Mail Call (pp. 2-3)
The letters to the editor includes praise for the recent Rock Island prisoner of war camp survey and a request for members of Company C, “The Palmetto Sharpshooters,” 4th South Carolina Infantry.

Passing in Review (pp. 5-7)
Ten publications are highlighted, including Nelson A. Miles & the Twilight of the Frontier Army (University of Nebraska Press) by Robert Wooster, Saddle Soldiers: The Civil War Correspondence of General William Stokes of the 4th South Carolina Cavalry (Sandlapper Publishing Co.) by Lloyd Halliburton, Packing Iron: Gunleather of the Frontier West (Zon International Publishing) by Richard Rattenbury, Portraits of Conflict: A Photographic History of Mississippi in the Civil War (The University of Arkansas Press) by Bobby Roberts and Carl Moneyhon and more.

Michael J. Winey: Curator at the U.S. Army Military History Institute by Mark Dunkelman (pp. 9-15)
Winey, Curator of Special Collections at the Institute, was interviewed by Dunkelman, with whom he co-authored a book about the 154th New York Infantry titled The Hardtack Regiment. Winey talks about the number of images of all wars, but focuses specifically on the Institute’s significant Civil War holdings. The interview is illustrated with images from the collection.

Hawkeyes: Iowa troops in the Civil War by Barry I. Mickey and Robert Fulmer (pp. 16-30)
A survey of 43 images is divided in subsections that include Fracas at Belmont: U.S. Grant’s Debut, Battle of Pea Ridge: Lyon Avenged, Rising Stars: Iowa’s Generals, Caught in a Hornet’s Nest: the 12th Iowa, Four Years in the Saddle: Iowa’s Cavalry, The Vicksburg Campaign, Guards and Garrisons, Prisoners of War, Debacle at Marks’s Mill and Victory East and West.

Stragglers (p. 31)
Solo photos of the humorous, odd and unusual includes a single image of a sutler’s establishment.

Uniforms & History by Michael J. McAfee (p.31)
In “4th Iowa Volunteer Infantry: An Incomplete Picture,” McAfee comments on a carte de visite of a soldier identified to the 4th Iowa. The jacket worn by the man, identified as Frank Bennett, has dark trim along the front of his jacket—a highly unusual and perhaps significant style.

Sutlers’ Row (p. 32)

Back cover
An antebellum portrait of Lt. Isaac Brown of the 1st Regiment, U.S. Artillery, with an unknown female companion.