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Military Images

Finding Aid: January/February 1999

The complete issue

Vol. XX, No. 4
(48 pages)

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Cover image
Physician Mary Walker (1832-1919) survived three years as a nurse in the Union army, during which she endured four months in captivated and served as assistant surgeon in an Ohio regiment.

Editor’s Desk (p. 3)
The editor notes the diverse array of articles in this issue, the first appearance of a solo portrait of a woman on the cover, and a grand total of 120 images inside the magazine—a record to date.

Mail Call (pp. 4-5)
Letters include a possible identification of an officer and sword, reverse images and digital fakery.

Passing in Review (pp. 9-10)
Four publications are mentioned, including Don Troiani’s Soldiers in America 1754-1865 (Stackpole Books) by Earl J. Coates and James L. Kochan, Bridge Building in War Time: Colonel Wesley Brainerd’s Memoir of the 50th New York Volunteer Engineers (University of Tennessee Press) edited by Ed Malles, Raiders and Blockaders: The American Civil War Afloat (Brassey’s) by William N. Still Jr., John M. Taylor and Norman C. Delaney and Wilson’s Cavalry Corps: Union Campaigns in the Western Theatre, October 1864 through Spring 1865 (McFarland) by Jerry Keenan.

Richard’s Rebs: Confederate images from the collection of Richard Anthony (pp. 9-13)
A gallery of 23 mostly hard-plate soldier portraits. Identified soldiers include John H. Fields of the 3rd North Carolina Artillery, Leander Davidson Sharpe of the 49th North Carolina Infantry, Jonas Cook of the 8th North Carolina Infantry, James Wesley Morris of the 1st South Carolina Artillery, Wiley Safriet of the 42nd North Carolina Infantry and Clay Roberts Tyler of McDuffie’s Rifles of Virginia.

Civil War Military and Patriotic Mats for Photographic Cases by Paul K. Berg (pp. 14-17)
Examples of brass preservers from the Scovill Manufacturing Company and Holmes, Booth & Hayden illustrate text that describes the “sandwich of parts” used to protect hard-plate images.

Light & Shadow: Technical Aspects of Photography and Collecting (p. 18)
Featured is a diagram titled “The Photographic Package,” which shows the five parts—cover glass, brass mat, photographic plate, brass preserver and thermoplastic case.

Fremont’s Greyhounds: Company D, 13th Illinois Infantry by Scott Cross (pp. 19-21)
A gallery of ten portraits, selected from a group of 67 in the collection of the Rock Island Arsenal Museum, were made during the first few months of 1862 in Rolla, Mo. They include Col. John Wyman, Capt. James Beardsley, Lt. Elisha Beardsley, Lt. Col. Frederick Partridge, Surg. Samuel Plummer and Chaplain Joseph Miller.

Providence Has Been Kind…Letters from the pen of Col. James W. Jackson, 47th Alabama Infantry, after Sharpsburg and Gettysburg (pp. 22-23)
Jackson (1831-1865) started the war as a captain in the 7th Alabama Infantry but was forced to resign on account of poor health after the Peninsula Campaign. He returned to the army as lieutenant colonel and then colonel of the 47th. The letters transcribed here reveal his experience in two of the biggest battles in the East. A circa 1858 portrait accompanies the text. All the material is part of the Alabama Department of Archives and History.

The “Deguerrrean Artist” of Camp Michigan: A painted backdrop identified by John A. Braden (pp. 24-27)
The author connected a painted backdrop of tents and the Stars and Stripes to a photographer who visited the camp of the 5th Michigan Infantry in the defenses of Washington, D.C., in early 1862. Six portraits illustrate the text.

The Auction Block (p. 27)

Best of Show: Images from the 1998 Gettysburg Show (pp. 28-41)
A gallery of 58 images described as a “photographic feast” includes a wide array of tasty morsels, including a half-plate ambrotype of a militia muster at Angelica, N.Y., a West Point cadet with a brass cannon, messmates re-enacting a meal, a Zouave from the 33rd New Jersey Infantry, a private in the Philadelphia 1st City Troop, circa 1863, a carte de visite of Philip Evan Thomas of the 5th South Carolina Cavalry, a pair of portraits of Madison Pitzer Deyerle of the 28th Virginia Infantry, two images of soldiers with servants and much, much more.

C.S.S. Alabama: Caught twice in Singapore! by Budd J. LaRue and Stanley E. Warren (pp. 42-45)
The authors compare two photographs of the famed vessel, one from the Tennessee State Library and Archives and another from the academic journal The Microscope. They found the photographs reconfirm existing imagery shown on period woodcuts and lithographs.

Sutler’s Row (pp. 46-47)

Stragglers (p. 47)
Solo photos from the collections of our readers includes one carte de visite of a Confederate soldier taken by photographer D.F. Brandon, who worked at the Camp Douglas prisoner of war facility at Chicago.

Back cover
A previously unpublished portrait of Brig. Gen. Alexander Hays, an 1844 graduate of West Point who was killed in action in The Wilderness on May 5, 1864.

Finding Aid: November/December 1998

The complete issue

Vol. XX, No. 3
(48 pages)

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Cover image
A sixth-plate ambrotype from the Tom Molocea Collection is a circa 1861 portrait of an unknown Buckeye who may be a member of the 36th Ohio Infantry.

Editor’s Desk (p. 3)
The editor observes that this issue marks the anniversary of the Battle of Fredericksburg, and announces the promotion of John Sickles to Senior Editor of MI “for his years of dedicated contributions to the magazine. John is both a gentleman and a scholar in the best sense of those words.”

Mail Call (pp. 5-6)
Letters include words of praise for “Honored Blades” and the Spanish-American War issue, and a request for a better balance of Union and Confederate images in the magazine.

Passing in Review (pp. 9-10)
Seven publications are mentioned, including Spanish-American War 1898 (Brassey’s) by Ron Field, Civil War Cartridge Boxes of the Union Infantryman (A. Mowbray) by Paul D. Johnson, Volume XIV of North Carolina Troops 1861-1865: A Roster (North Carolina Division of Archives and History) edited by Weymouth Jordan, “Remember You Are Jerseymen!” A Military History of New Jersey’s Troops in the Civil War (Longstreet House) by Joseph Bilby and William Goble and more.

Victims and Survivors: New perspectives on Fredericksburg’s May 1864 photographs by Noel G. Harrison (pp. 11-19)
A comprehensive analysis of several iconic images taken in Fredericksburg, Va., provides new information and scholarship.

Molding a Legend: Images of the 7th Wisconsin Infantry opposite Fredericksburg, Virginia, July 1862 by Eric J. Mink (pp. 20-23)
Five outdoor images of this well-known Iron Brigade regiment are highlighted by the author, an historian with the National Park Service.

My Brother My Enemy: Phillip R. Fendell, Jr., and James R.Y. Fendell by David M. Sullivan (pp. 24-28)
One brother served the Union and the other the Confederacy. Both were Marines and officers. This is their unique story, illustrated with their portraits.

A Letter from Daniel O’Connor, USMC, Reports the North’s Fiasco at Norfolk Navy Yard by John W. O’Connor (pp. 29-31)
O’Connor, a private aboard the Cumberland, described the April 20, 1861, burning of the Yard by its Union occupiers to keep valuable supplies and vessels, including the Merrimack, out of the hands of advancing Confederates. O’Connor shared his observations in a letter written from four days later from Fortress Monroe.

Effects of a Shell…an examination of a controversial Gettysburg photograph by Paul R. Johnson, M.D., F.A.C.S. (pp. 32-33)
The author finds that the visible wounds in an iconic photograph of a dead soldier on the battlefield “is entirely consistent with the trauma induced by the energy of a solid artillery projectile moving with low velocity, high mass and high momentum.”

Light & Shadow: Technical Aspects of Photography and Collecting (p. 34)
Two examples of digital manipulation on the computer show how a damaged image can be restored.

A Postwar Mortality by John Mills Bigham (p. 35)
The author begins this sketch with the subject’s death: “Thomas Robertson Wilson bled to death on May 14, 1871 after violently coughing up a bullet.” A veteran of the 3rd South Carolina Infantry, Wilson suffered wounds in the fighting at Chickamauga, Savage Station and North Anna River. It is likely that the wound suffered in the last engagement named, which occurred on May 25, 1864, caused his death seven years later. The text is illustrated with his wartime portrait.

Brave Walk a Heap: The tragic life of William Henry Walcott, sergeant, Battery A, 1st Rhode Island Artillery, captain, 17th U.S. Infantry by Jeff Kowalis (pp. 36-39)
After Walcott suffered a debilitating leg wound at Gettysburg that resulted in an amputation, his combat career was ended. Though he survived the war, pain from the wound turned him into a raging morphine addict late in life. He died destitute in 1901. Several wartime and postwar portraits illustrate the text.

Uniforms & History by Michael J. McAfee (pp. 40-41)
In “The 18th Massachusetts Volunteer Infantry Regt.” McAfee explores the distinctive uniform and history of this Bay State regiment. The text is illustrated with portraits of James B. Hancock of Company A and Erastus Everson of Company H, who both ranked as first sergeant.

Captain Bob’s Caveat Emptorium (pp. 42-44)
The captain tries to pawn off questionable outdoor images—his last offering before disappearing into the Witness Protection Program for a few issues.

Sutler’s Row (pp. 45-46)

Stragglers (pp. 38-40)
Solo photos from the collections of our readers include James Wilson of the 6th Iowa Infantry, a circa 1903 image of the 58th Company, Coast Artillery Corps, Fort Monroe, Va., Mexican War veteran J.L. Martel, circa 1882, and more.

Back cover
A sixth-plate ambrotype of a well-armed Southern gunner from the Dent “Wildman” Myers Collection, a.k.a. the Gentle General.

Finding Aid: March/April 1998

The complete issue

Vol. XIX, No. 5
(40 pages)

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Inside

Cover image
A quarter-plate ruby ambrotype from the William Elswick Collection pictures a Confederate infantryman with a Model 1841 Mississippi Rifle or a “Palmetto” copy of it, and a sign that reads “Victory or Death!”

Editor’s Desk (p. 3)
The editor observes the long history of art thieves and forgers, and shares a piece of advice: Know your dealer, take nothing at face value, and always carry a loupe or magnifying glass.

Mail Call (pp. 4-5)
Letters include comments about gangs in New York, a Georgia uniform, New England militia photos, Irish Papal Zouaves and more.

Passing in Review (pp. 6-7)
Seven publications are mentioned, including Georgia Sharpshooter: The Civil War Diary and Letters of William Rhadamanthus Montgomery (Mercer University Press) edited by George Montgomery, The Illustrated Encyclopedia of Civil War Collectibles (Owl Books) by Chuck Lawliss, Civil War Sites, Memorials, Museums and Library Collections: A State-by-State Guidebook to Places Open to the Public (McFarland & Company) by Doug Gelbert and more.

Elswick’s Elegant Images: Photographs from the collection of William Elswick (pp. 8-14)
A gallery of 30 representative images includes portraits of Union and Confederate soldiers. They include a sergeant in the U.S. Colored Infantry, a Native American, several Confederates and a carte de visite of Joshua Lawrence Chamberlain after his promotion to colonel.

From Shiloh to Santiago: Biography of William Wallace Walker, Jr. by Martin L. Callahan (pp. 15-19)
A former Confederate captain in Col. Wirt Adams’s Regiment of Mississippi Cavalry, Walker went on to serve in the American army with the 1st Texas Cavalry during the Spanish-American War. The text is illustrated with a circa 1898 portrait of Wallace and other images from both wars, as well as a photograph of his Spanish-American War uniform and revolver.

“Hope of the 22nd Ohio:” A portrait of Western soldiers by Ed Italo (pp. 20-21)
A portrait of 18 identified, non-commissioned officers is accompanied by a brief sketch of the regiment’s history, which includes the Battle of Shiloh and other engagements.

The Journal of William O’Shaughnessy, Battery H, 3rd New York Light Artillery edited by Paul Russinoff (pp. 22-27)
O’Shaughnessy documents the 1862 and 1863 North Carolina Campaign, and other parts of his military service. The text is illustrated with a portrait of him on horseback.

Red & White in Blue: Four tragedies of the Indian Wars (pp. 28-30)
A collection of profiles, each illustrated with an original portrait, includes Theodore G. Cree of the 2nd and 3rd Iowa Infantry and the 3rd Colorado Cavalry, Guy V. Henry of the 1st U.S. Artillery, 40th Massachusetts Infantry and 3rd U.S. Cavalry, Ute Warrior “Washington” and Thomas Thornburgh of the 6th Tennessee Infantry and the 4th U.S. Infantry.

Uniforms & History by Michael J. McAfee (pp. 31-32)
In “Khaki, 1898-1902: The New Order” McAfee explores the change from the blue color worn by American soldiers through most of the 19th century to the “drab, utilitarian clothing” of modern times. The text is illustrated with a portrait of Sgt. Thomas Rowland of the 2nd U.S. Cavalry.

Captain Bob’s Caveat Emptorium (p. 35)
The captain tries to pawn off a modern image of re-enactors portraying dead soldiers as Gettysburg casualties.

Sutler’s Row (pp. 36-37)

Stragglers (pp. 38-40)
Solo photos from the collections of our readers were captured at the 1997 Midwest Civil War Show in the Chicago suburb of Wheaton. They include sailors, wounded soldiers, a Maryland officer with a crutch, and more.

Back cover
A photo postcard from the Ben Maryniak Collection pictures the funeral procession of President Abraham Lincoln moving through Buffalo, N.Y.

 

Finding Aid: January/February 1998

The complete issue

Vol. XIX, No. 4
(40 pages)

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Inside

Cover image
carte de visite from the David Wynn Vaughan Collection pictures Brule Sioux warrior Hollow Horn Bear with an unknown lieutenant who served in the 5th U.S. Cavalry, circa 1880.

Editor’s Desk (p. 3)
The editor shares a letter full of praise for the magazine, and notes that the issues are now being mailed in protective polybags.

Mail Call (p. 5)
Letters include comments about Anna Etheridge, a Civil War museum exhibit in England, another exhibit, this one about African American soldiers, in Philadelphia, and a theft alert.

Cream of the Crop: Photos from the 1997 Gettysburg Show (pp. 6-25)
A gallery of 78 images is divided into sections that include musicians, militia, sailors and marines, painted backdrops, Feds and Rebs, getting comfortable, family matters, outdoor views and medals and insignia.

The Culpeper Backdrop: A multi-faceted detective story by Dale R. Niesen (pp. 26-29)
The author shares his story of discovery that begins with noticing similar backdrops in portraits of soldiers who served in the 24th Michigan Infantry. What follows is study of the images, findings and a hope that another image will surface that can lead to the identity of the photographer. Seven images illustrate the text.

Monsieur Rondin’s Fake Photo: A Scan that Failed by Norman C. Delaney (pp. 30-32)
Meet Francois Sebastien Rondin of Cherbourg, France, who claimed to have photographed the famous battle between the Alabama and the Kearsarge. But did he? The author examines the evidence and shares his conclusion. Two images illustrate the text.

Uniforms & History by Michael J. McAfee (pp. 33-34)
In “First & Second Regiments United States Sharpshooters, ‘The Green Coats,’” McAfee explores the history and distinct uniforms of this regiment. A portrait of Henry L. Campbell, who served in Company H of the 2nd, illustrates the text.

 Passing in Review (pp. 35-36)
Six publications are mentioned, including A Stupendous Effort: The 87th Indiana in the War of the Rebellion (Indiana University Press) by Jack K. Overmyer, The Young Lions: Confederate Cadets at War (Stackpole Books) by James Lee Conrad, The Mexican National Army, 1822-1852 (Texas A&M University Press) by William A. DePalo Jr., Robert E. Lee: A Life Portrait (Taylor Publishing) by David Eicher and more.

Light & Shadow: Technical Aspects of Photography & Collecting (p. 37)
The art of “contemporary reproductions” is nothing new, according to Barry I. Mickey, who discovered two images from the turn of the 19th century that have been doctored.

The Auction Block (p. 38)
Latest auction news.

Sutler’s Row (pp. 39-40)

Back cover
A sixth-plate ambrotype from the David Wynn Vaughan Collection pictures a soldier in the New England National Guards, a Boston militia company.

 

Finding Aid: November/December 1997

The complete issue

Vol. XIX, No. 3
(40 pages)

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Cover image
A hard plate image from the Rick and Coby Mack Collection pictures an unknown fireman-turned-Union soldier.

Editor’s Desk (p. 3)
The editor looks ahead to Volume XX of the magazine and notes the centennial of the Spanish-American War.

Mail Call (pp. 4-5, 40)
Letters include comments about the Papal Guard Zouaves, the Confederate raider Alabama, 19th century Crips and Bloods, Phil Sheridan and more.

Passing in Review (pp. 5-7)
Eight publications are mentioned, including Play for a Kingdom (Harcourt Brace) by Thomas Dyja, The Civil War in Depth: History in 3-D (Chronicle Books) by Bob Zeller, Blue Lightning (Blue Acorn Press) by Richard A. Baumgartner, Sinews of War (Presidio Press) by Benjamin W. Bacon, Our Noble Blood: The Civil War Letters of Regis de Trobriand (Belle Grove Publishing) by William Styple and more.

September 8, 1863: a momentous day in the history of photography by Bob Zeller (pp. 8-16, 37)
The story of the first combat photograph in history, a scene of the naval bombardment of Charleston Harbor taken by George S. Cook.

“Between the Crosses, Row on Row:” A photo study of the cost of World War I by Richard K. Tibbals (pp. 17-19)
A survey of eight images that picture cemeteries, burials and an execution during the Great War.

Immigrants in the Ranks: A collection of vignettes of foreigners in the Union army (pp. 20-23)
Images and profiles include John Amonson (Norway) of the 46th Illinois Infantry, Peter O’Brien (Ireland) of the 170th New York Infantry, John Keppel (Netherlands) of the 2nd Iowa Infantry, Christian Von Gunden (Switzerland) of the 107th Ohio Infantry, William Remmel (Germany) of the 121st New York Infantry, Theodore Gustavus Fisher (Germany) of the 7th Massachusetts Infantry and Augustus Haun (Denmark) of the 8th Iowa Infantry.

The Elusive Pillbox Cap, 1870-1900 by Anthony Gero (pp. 24-26)
A gallery of seven images pictures soldiers of the post-Civil War era wearing small round caps with buttons on top. These unusual and rare images are all American soldiers.

Black Sheep: Francis Henderson Baker, U.S.N. by David Sullivan (p. 27)
The life and times of Baker, a lieutenant commander who served in the Union blockade, who was part of a lesser known family with deep military connections. The text is illustrated with an original wartime portrait.

Captain Bob’s Caveat Emptorium (pp. 28-30)
In this special “Distress Sale” installment, the wily captain is offering up a genuine Confederate States Marine, Zouaves, Yankee drummer boys and more!

Uniforms & History by Michael J. McAfee (pp. 31-32)
In “The National Rifles, District of Columbia Militia, 1861: ‘A Matter of Loyalty,’” McAfee explores the history and distinct gray and red-trimmed uniforms of this regiment. The text is illustrated with a portrait of Henry M. Slade of the company.

Light & Shadow: Technical Aspects of Photography & Collecting (p. 33)
An 1855 account by a photographer daguerreotyping on the Mississippi River is the focus of this installment.

The Auction Block (p. 34)
Latest auction news.

Sutler’s Row (pp. 35-37)

Stragglers (pp. 38-40)
Solo photos from our readers includes seven images from the William Turner Collection. The unknown soldiers pictured “look fiercely determined to win independence for the South.”

Back cover
A carte de visite from the Stephen Rogers Collection pictures a Union soldier with a large format camera.

Finding Aid: Autumn 2017

The complete issue

Vol. XXXV, No. 4
(80 pages)

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Inside

Cover image
A quarter-plate tintype from the Rich Jahn Collection pictures a dashing cavalry officer staring into the distance.
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Table of Contents (p. 1)
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Editor’s Desk (p. 2)
In “On Blue, Gray and Khaki,” the editor observes the commemoration of the centennial of World War I and reflects on how the timeline for MI has shifted from 1839 to 1939 when the magazine was founded to today’s primary coverage of the Civil War period.
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Mail Call (pp. 3-4)
Feedback includes praise for the last issue, information about image quality and submissions, and the debut of CivilWarPhotoSleuth.com at the Gettysburg Show.
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Passing in Review (p. 6)
Roger D. Hunt’s latest in the Colonels in Blue series profiles commanders in Illinois, Iowa, Minnesota and Wisconsin.
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Antebellum Warriors (p. 8)
A half-plate daguerreotype by Mathew B. Brady from the National Portrait Gallery Collection pictures John Pelham, the West Point cadet who reluctantly resigned to join the Confederate army after his home state of Alabama seceded from the Union. This image is part of a current National Portrait Gallery exhibit.

Most Hallowed Ground (p. 10)
Henry Meigs Meade, the nephew of Maj. Gen. George G. Meade and second cousin of Quartermaster Gen. Montgomery Meigs, had a tough time as a paymaster in the navy. Unaccounted funds and other irregularities resulted in his dismissal, but he was later allowed to resign.

Photo Sleuth by Kurt Luther (pp. 12-13)
Kurt identifies an officer, Capt. Thomas Whiting of the 89th Illinois Infantry, using traditional research methods and CivilWarPhotoSleuth.com.

The Honored Few (pp. 14-15)
In “Escape after Spotsylvania,” we meet Lt. Col. Edmund Rice of the 19th Massachusetts Infantry. Though he received the Medal of Honor for his actions during the Battle of Gettysburg, the story about his capture at Spotsylvania and eventual escape is less known—and illustrated with an albumen print of him with three fellow escapees.

Blue, Gray & Khaki (pp. 16-26)
A survey of 22 portraits of doughboys, Union veterans and Confederate veterans. Included in the group are two Civil War veterans still in uniform during World War I: William West Grant, who served in Brig. Gen. James H. Clanton’s Artillery Battery (Alabama) and Walter H. Thomas Jr. of the 29th Maine Infantry. Other identified soldiers are also included.

Doughboy: Origins of a Classic Americanism (p. 27)
Though “doughboy” was popularized during World War I, the origin of the word as a military term is disputed, with several explanations emerging over the years. This story examines six newspaper references from 1853-1865.

Keeper of History: Images from the Rich Jahn Collection (pp. 29-39)
Jahn, a respected collector, takes a long view of the hobby, “We never own these images. We are only the keepers of history during our tenure of collecting. Someday someone else will be looking at these soldiers and saying, ‘I wonder where this image came from. Who had it before me?’” A selection of his best images is included.

Unsung Pioneer Photo Collector: Samuel Crocker Lawrence and the Medford Collection by Ronald S. Coddington (pp. 40-47)
Quiet, unassuming and wealthy, Samuel Lawrence commanded the 5th Massachusetts Infantry at the First Battle of Bull Run, where he suffered a serious wound that ended his military service. He would go on to amass a collection of 3,680 Civil War photographs, which was rediscovered in 1990 after years of being forgotten.

Hagerstown’s Durable Man: A Marylander’s half century of military service spanned four wars by Stephen R. Bockmiller (pp. 48-51)
German immigrant George Leonard Fisher started his military service in 1862 with the 7th Maryland Infantry and ended it in 1917 as a drill instructor to troops recruited to fight World War I. The text is illustrated with seven portraits of Fisher.

Yankee & Doughboy: A trove of newly discovered photographs documents a father and son by Aaron D. Purcell, with images from the Jeremiah T. Lockwood, Jr. Collection, Special Collections, Virginia Tech (pp. 52-54)
Jeremiah Talcott Lockwood, Jr. was sent to the local insurance office to pay a bill on behalf of his father, and he wound up enlisting in the Union army. His life story, illustrated with eight portraits that span his long life, is included here.

Following the Torn and Bloodstained Colors: John Michener’s Civil War Odyssey by Dan Clendaniel (pp. 56-59)
Michener, an officer in the 85th Pennsylvania Infantry, had his first encounter of the war with Peace Democrats in the Keystone State before he ever stepped a foot into the Confederacy. He would go on to see his share of action in Southern territory. Captured in a skirmish on the outskirts of Savannah, Ga., he spent months in prison, where he was used for a time as human shield. The image is illustrated with his wartime portrait.

Camp Photographers: Pictures by the thousands by Ron Field (pp. 60-63)
According to the author, “Virtually every military encampment had a travelling photographer nearby or within its limits during the Civil War. This was particularly true in the North, where photographic chemicals and supplies were readily available throughout the conflict.” What follows is an exploration of how camp photographers got started, details of the studies and prop weapons, and information about Confederate picture-makers.

The Making of Major Hay: A rare portrait of Lincoln’s private secretary is an artifact from a special wartime mission by Paul Russinoff (pp. 65-67)
A rare image of President Abraham Lincoln’s personal secretary dressed in a senior officer’s uniform and seated with a friend is a token of friendship. It is also a relic tied to an Executive Order from the White House that sought to end the war in 1864 by bringing Confederate states back into the Union under the auspices of a deceptively simple idea. Lincoln’s “Ten-Percent Plan” was not well received—and neither was Hay.

Reminiscences of an Exiled Marylander: The life and services of McHenry Howard by Evan Phifer (pp. 68-70)
Howard, the grandson of “Star-Spangled Banner” author Francis Scott Key, left his Maryland home to fight for the South. He served in a variety of role and fought in numerous battles, which he duly noted in his autobiography, Recollections of a Maryland Confederate Soldier and Staff Officer Under Johnston, Jackson and Lee.

Uniforms & History by Michael J. McAfee (p. 71)
In “The Zouave Mystique and the New York State Militia,’” Mike observes that Elmer E. Ellsworth and his Chicago United States Zouave Cadets probably had limited effect on New York militiaman during the Cadet’s 1861 tour of the Empire State. The 13th New York Militia Infantry is a notable exception.

Scalpels to Swords: West Virginia physicians who became combat commanders by Richard A. Wolfe (pp. 72-73)
The author profiles three medical men who became effective battlefield commanders, including Henry Capehart of the 1st Cavalry, Thomas Maley Harris of the 10th Infantry and Irish-born Joseph Thoburn of the 1st Infantry.

Stragglers: Distinctive Images from MI contributors (pp. 75-77)
Seven images are included, and all are of Southern origin. None of the men are identified, but there are clues that may lead to a positive identity by an alert subscriber.

Sutler’s Row (p. 79)

The Last Shot (p. 80)
Corporal David Henry Bennett of the 28th New York Infantry left a note tucked into his photograph case that explains why he wears a Confederate cap. It also suggests he had a premonition of his own battlefield death. In fact, he was killed at Antietam.

Finding Aid: September/October 1998

The complete issue

Vol. XX, No. 2
(48 pages)

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Cover image
A tintype from the Richard Ricca Collection is a portrait of William Noll of the 11th New York Infantry’s Fire Zouaves. He suffered a wound and fell into enemy hands at the First Battle of Bull Run.

Table of Contents (p. 1)

Editor’s Desk (p. 3)
The editor reflects on the recent Gettysburg show, and notes that he shot five rolls of film during the event. He also promotes an MI slide show, “Mathew Brady’s World: Photography in the Civil War,” and answers a question about the use of derogatory terms for the enemy during times of war.

Mail Call (pp. 5-7)
Letters include praise for the magazine, a correction to the recent story, “The Man Who Could Be King” and a request for a feature about army- or depot-issued shirts.

Passing in Review (pp. 8-9, 42)
Seven publications are mentioned, including Lee’s Miserables: Life in the Army of Northern Virginia from the Wilderness to Appomattox (The University of North Carolina Press) by J. Tracy Power, Letters of a Civil War Nurse: Cornelia Hancock, 1863-1865 (University of Nebraska Press) edited by Henrietta Stratton Jacquette, Civil War Memories: The Collected Writings of William H. Busbey (Eagle Press) edited by Linda Zimmerman and more.

Honored Blades: Union officers & their swords by Robert T. Lyon (pp. 10-13)
A survey of 16 portraits of federal line officers illustrates an essay about the threefold importance of swords to those who carried them in the service of Northern arms. Positively identified men include Capt. Andrew Fagen of the 1st Pennsylvania Artillery, Capt. David Corbin of the 22nd Connecticut Infantry, Lt. Charles Bird of an unknown regiment and Capt. Eugene Miles of the 53rd Massachusetts Infantry.

Giving Johnny “Cold Iron:” An Irish immigrant in the 1st Connecticut Heavy Artillery by John Dwyer (pp. 14-17)
The life and war experience of John O’Brien (1839-1931) is told thanks to a collection of materials that include about 50 letters and a pair of cartes de visite that picture him as an enlisted man and an officer.

The Long Gray Line: An album of West Point graduates by David Neville (pp. 18-22)
A survey of 15 images includes eight portraits of cadets in their familiar uniforms with three columns of buttons. Other images picture West Pointers post-graduation. The collection spans the 19th century, though is focused on the Civil War period.

A Letter from the Peninsula: Writer identified through MI article by David S. Moore (p. 23)
This author, who serves as editor of Civil War Serials & Bibliography, connected a letter he had discovered some time ago to a reference in a 1988 story by David M. Sullivan in Military Images. That letter, and another letter written by the author to MI editor Harry Roach, is reproduced here. Also included is a portrait of Confederate soldier John L. Rapier, the writer of the letter.

North & South: An album of uncommon soldiers in the American Civil War (pp. 24-34)
This is a collection of mini-profiles of 16 enlisted men and officers by various authors. Each is illustrated with a wartime portrait. Union subjects include John Davis of the 123rd Ohio Infantry, George Perkins of the 19th Maine Infantry, Nathaniel Perkins of Dow’s 6th Maine Battery, De Van Postley of the 7th New York State Militia and the 174th New York Infantry, Robert Stokes of the U.S. Marine Corps and the 19th and 72nd Pennsylvania Infantries, Frederick Cordes of the 42nd Pennsylvania Infantry, Henry Cordes of the 18th U.S. Infantry, Norvell F. Churchill of the 1st Michigan Cavalry, Joseph Meals of the 15th Pennsylvania Cavalry, William C. Mills of the 21st Illinois Infantry and William Noll of the 11th New York Infantry (cover image). Confederates include Walter Kennedy of the Confederate army and later the 7th U.S. Cavalry, Andrew Lee of the 41st Alabama Infantry, George E. Lavender of Phillips Legion Cavalry (Georgia), John H.L. Bray of the 9th Texas Infantry and Frank Huger of the Virginia Artillery.

“A Thousand Boys in Blue…:” The 1st South Dakota Volunteers,1898-99 by David A. Norris (pp. 35-37)
This unit history, which begins with the regiment’s departure for the Philippines in July 1898 and ends with its return to the U.S. in September 1899, is illustrated with an image of the South Dakotans aboard the vessel Rio de Janeiro at the beginning of their deployment.

An Ironclad Forgery by Jerry Harlowe (pp. 38-39)
Reprinted from the January-February 1990 issue of MI, images and text answer the question “When is a monitor not a Monitor?

Uniforms & History by Michael J. McAfee (pp. 40-41)
In “The Lafayette Guard,” McAfee explores the history and gray uniforms of the 55th New York Infantry, also known as “The Lafayette Guard” or “The Guard de Lafayette.” The text is illustrated with portraits of the regiment’s colonel, Philipe Regis de Trobriand, and an unidentified private.

The Auction Block (p. 43)

Capt. Bob’s Caveat Emptorium (p. 43)
In this installment, the captain informs his loyal readership that he has temporarily suspended his column because he is at “Uncle Sam’s minimum-security facility at Allenwood, Pennsylvania on a conviction for image tempering.” This does not prevent him, of course, from sharing an image of the father of sculptor Ron Tunison.

Sutlers’ Row (pp. 44-47)

Stragglers (pp. 48)
A sole straggler is an infantryman who probably hails from New York.

Back cover
A sixth-plate ambrotype from the Rick Mack Collection pictures a soldier purportedly from North Carolina.

Finding Aid: July/August 1998

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Vol. XX, No. 1
(40 pages)

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Cover image
A cabinet card from the Anthony Gero Collection is a picture of a young Spanish-American War volunteer.

Table of Contents (p. 1)

Editor’s Desk (p. 3)
The editor announces the commemoration of the centennial of the Spanish-American War and thanks supporters as we begin our 20th year of publication.

Mail Call (p. 5)
Letters include comments on Georgia photographers, Captain Bob, the 6th North Carolina belt buckle and Mobile, Ala., volunteers.

Passing in Review (p. 6)
Five publications are mentioned, including The Wilderness Campaign (University of North Carolina Press) by Gary W. Gallagher, Army of Amateurs: General Benjamin F. Butler and the Army of the James (Stackpole Books) by Edward G. Longacre, The United States Marine Corps in the Civil War—The Second Year (White Mane) by David M. Sullivan, We Came to Fight: The History of the 5th New York Veteran Volunteer Infantry, Duryee’s Zouaves (Schroeder Publications) by Patrick A. Schroeder and Riding with Rosser (Burd Street Press) edited by S. Roger Keller.

On to Cuba!…and Puerto Rico, Hawaii, Guam, the Philippines: Images of the Spanish-American War from the collections of our readers (pp. 7-18)
A survey of 40 images includes a variety of outdoor and indoor views of soldiers. Included are two photographs of Theodore Roosevelt, an image of Joseph Wheeler and other officers and enlisted men.

Capt. Bob’s Caveat Emptorium (p. 19)
In this installment, the sly captain tries to sell readers a grouping of foreign troops—but they are really members of the U.S. VIII Corps, circa 1898.

British Rifle Volunteers of the 1860s: Don’t mistake John Bull for Johnny Reb by Philip Katcher (pp. 20-23)
An analysis of the uniform and equipment of British rifle volunteers is illustrated with six related images.

Spanish Troops in the Philippines, 1896-98 by Ron Field (pp. 25-27)
A uniform analysis provides details on all aspects of the clothing of these soldiers. The text is illustrated with seven images.

Adventures in Paradise: The 1st New York Volunteers in Hawaii, 1898 by Anthony Gero and Roger Sturcke (pp. 28-32)
This unit history traces the regiment from the Declaration of war against Spain through its five-month stay in Hawaii. A total of 14 images illustrates the text.

Uniforms & History by Michael J. McAfee (pp. 33-34)
In “71st Regiment, N.G.N.Y., ‘The American Guard,’ 1898,” McAfee examines the quintessential American army uniform and record of this Empire State regiment. The column is illustrated with a glass lantern slide of troops on parade.

The Auction Block (p. 34)

Sutlers’ Row (pp. 35-37)

Stragglers (pp. 38-40)
Solo photos from the collections of our readers is themed “Strong Men Armed.” It includes nine images that span from the Civil War through World War I.

Back cover
A cabinet card from the B. William Henry Collection is a portrait of QM Sgt. John H. Laabz of the 2nd Wisconsin Infantry, dated Sept. 18, 1898.

Finding Aid: May/June 2000

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Vol. XXI, No. 6
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Cover image
carte de visite from the Michael J. McAfee Collection pictures Julia Wood, who was photographed in Auburn, N.Y.

Editor’s Desk (p. 3)
The editor dedicates his comments to the January-February 2000 cover image, thought to be John Singleton Mosby. The outpouring of challenges to the identification ended in a retraction. Mosby Verdict In: Editor Guilty.

Mail Call (pp. 4-5)
Letters include comments about the 3rd New Jersey “Butterflies” and praise for the New York issue.

An Army of Women: A look at non-uniformed participants in the Civil War by Juanita Leisch (pp. 6-11)
A survey of 13 images of women illustrates text that summarizes Civil War era fashions inspired by military and patriotic themes.

Hardtack & Hairnets: Women in photographs of the Union army by Cricket Bauer (pp. 12-19)
A survey of 14 images, all outdoor views, include well- and lesser-known examples of women in camp.

Viva la Vivandières: A short history of women in pseudo-military costume by Cricket Bauer (pp. 20-24)
From “French Mary” Tepe to acclaimed opera singer Clara Louise Kellogg, military and patriotic costumes suggest Vivandières. This is not always the case, suggests the author Eight images make the point.

Patriots in Petticoats: Vivandières, Cantinières, Actresses & Daughters of the Regiment: A survey from the collections of our readers (pp. 25-30)
A total of 19 images picture a great variety of dress. Positively identified images include actress Lillie Eldridge, opera singer Clara Louisa Kellogg, Dr. Mary Walker and Sarah Burnett.

Pauline Cushman, Union Spy by Michael Fitzpatrick (pp. 31-34)
A biography of the well-known actress and spy is described as an enigmatic paradox by the author, who provides basic biographic details of her life. The text is illustrated with an image of Cushman, and another image Union Gen. Gordon Granger, one of the many high-ranking officers North and South to fall under her spell.

Captain Bob’s Caveat Emptorium (p. 35)
A rare soldier in a skirt is a great bargain—or is it?

Passing in Review (p. 36)
Two publications are mentioned, including Third Alabama! The Civil War Memoir of Brigadier General Cullen A. Battle, CSA (University of Alabama Press) edited by Brandon H. Beck and The Union Image: Popular Prints of the Civil War North (The University of North Carolina Press) by Mark Neely Jr. and Harold Holzer.

Sutler’s Row (pp. 38-40)

Back cover
An image from the Michael Kraus Collection is titled “Ready to Ride!”

Finding Aid: September/October 1997

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Vol. XIX, No. 2
(40 pages)

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Cover image
A sixth-plate ambrotype from an anonymous collector is a portrait of Solomon Moore of the 6th North Carolina Infantry.

Editor’s Desk (p. 3)
The editor shares comments about a portrait of a soldier thought to be concealing a chicken in his vest.

Mail Call (pp. 4-5)
Letters include nine comments, and the headline for each begins with “Not.”

Passing in Review (pp. 6-7)
Five publications are mentioned, including The Darkest Days of the War: The Battles for Iuka and Corinth (University of North Carolina Press) by Peter Cozzens, The World Will Long Remember: A Guide to the Battle of Gettysburg (White Mane) by Joanna McDonald, Mexican-American War 1846-48 (Brassey’s) by Ron Field and Lincoln’s Admiral: The Civil War Campaigns of David Farragut (Wiley & Sons) by James P. Duffy.

A.S. Morse’s Gallery of the Cumberland: A prolific photographer in the Western Theater by L.S. Kite (pp. 8-12)
A survey of 15 cartes de visite discovered in album and attributed to A.S. Morse includes an account of how the images came into the author’s possession, and a request to readers for any information about this camera operator.

Southern Faces: A Confederate gallery from the collections of our readers (pp. 13-19)
A survey of 25 portraits, primarily tintypes and ambrotypes, includes descriptive captions. Positively identified soldiers include Robert H. Batchelor of the 1stNorth Carolina Infantry, Daniel Slayton of the 38th Virginia Infantry, James West of Morgan’s Kentucky Squadron, John Brown Jr. of the 7th Florida Infantry, George E. Smith of the 44th Virginia Infantry, William Callaway of the 9th and 12th Louisiana Infantries, Robert Blount Rivers of the 42nd Alabama Infantry, John J. Rooks of the 15th Confederate Cavalry, William Watson Beard of the 16th Georgia Infantry, Washington Green Bohaning of the 5th Arkansas Infantry, Mark Lowrey of the 4th Mississippi Infantry, John Lyon of the 7th South Carolina Infantry, William Jenkins of the 1st North Carolina Junior Reserves (70th North Carolina Infantry), John and George Peden of the 6th Kentucky Infantry and Willis S. Roberts of the 4th Kentucky Infantry.

A Photograph of the C.S.S. Alabama…at Last by David M. Sullivan (pp. 20-21)
Tucked away in the files of the Tennessee State Library and Archives is the only known photograph of the famed commerce raider. The image was rediscovered by the author. His History of the Marine Corps in the Civil War was recently published.

“A Sickening, Heart-Rending Sight:” 6th Regiment North Carolina State Troops at the Battle of First Manassas by Greg Mast (pp. 22-28)
A detailed account of the regiment in the First Manassas Campaign is illustrated with eight portraits. They include Col. Charles Fisher, privates and brothers William Anderson Roberts and John L. Roberts, privates and brothers John D. Huskey and James Huskey, 2nd Lt. Quentin Thatch Anderson, Capt. Isaac Avery, Lt. William Preston Mangum and Pvt. Newton Branch.

My Darling Wife…Three letters from the colonel of the 15th Georgia edited by William Stier (pp. 29-32)
The letters from William Millican to his wife, Jane, date from the early period of the war: April 30 and Sept. 15, 1861, and May 29, 1862. Millican was killed in action during the Battle of Antietam.

The Auction Block (p. 33)
Latest auction news.

Cover story (p.34)
Details of the 6th North Carolina State Troops waist belt plate are discussed.

Uniforms & History by Michael J. McAfee (p. 35)
In “3rd Regiment, Massachusetts Volunteer Militia, Three Months Service, 1861,’We Marched to the Music of the Union,” McAfee explores the history and distinct gray uniforms of this regiment. The text is illustrated with a group portrait of three soldiers who served in its ranks, Alvin Vaugh, Levi P. Brown and Robert Parris.

Sutler’s Row (pp. 36-37)

Stragglers (pp. 38-40)
Solo photos from our readers includes a cigar-smoking woman in soldier’s dress and three men in gray who might be mistaken for Confederate soldiers.

Back cover
A cabinet card from the collection of Mark Gaynor pictures a young John J. Pershing as a first lieutenant in the 10th U.S. Cavalry, circa 1895.