Military Images

Finding Aid: November/December 1997

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Vol. XIX, No. 3
(40 pages)

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Cover image
A hard plate image from the Rick and Coby Mack Collection pictures an unknown fireman-turned-Union soldier.

Editor’s Desk (p. 3)
The editor looks ahead to Volume XX of the magazine and notes the centennial of the Spanish-American War.

Mail Call (pp. 4-5, 40)
Letters include comments about the Papal Guard Zouaves, the Confederate raider Alabama, 19th century Crips and Bloods, Phil Sheridan and more.

Passing in Review (pp. 5-7)
Eight publications are mentioned, including Play for a Kingdom (Harcourt Brace) by Thomas Dyja, The Civil War in Depth: History in 3-D (Chronicle Books) by Bob Zeller, Blue Lightning (Blue Acorn Press) by Richard A. Baumgartner, Sinews of War (Presidio Press) by Benjamin W. Bacon, Our Noble Blood: The Civil War Letters of Regis de Trobriand (Belle Grove Publishing) by William Styple and more.

September 8, 1863: a momentous day in the history of photography by Bob Zeller (pp. 8-16, 37)
The story of the first combat photograph in history, a scene of the naval bombardment of Charleston Harbor taken by George S. Cook.

“Between the Crosses, Row on Row:” A photo study of the cost of World War I by Richard K. Tibbals (pp. 17-19)
A survey of eight images that picture cemeteries, burials and an execution during the Great War.

Immigrants in the Ranks: A collection of vignettes of foreigners in the Union army (pp. 20-23)
Images and profiles include John Amonson (Norway) of the 46th Illinois Infantry, Peter O’Brien (Ireland) of the 170th New York Infantry, John Keppel (Netherlands) of the 2nd Iowa Infantry, Christian Von Gunden (Switzerland) of the 107th Ohio Infantry, William Remmel (Germany) of the 121st New York Infantry, Theodore Gustavus Fisher (Germany) of the 7th Massachusetts Infantry and Augustus Haun (Denmark) of the 8th Iowa Infantry.

The Elusive Pillbox Cap, 1870-1900 by Anthony Gero (pp. 24-26)
A gallery of seven images pictures soldiers of the post-Civil War era wearing small round caps with buttons on top. These unusual and rare images are all American soldiers.

Black Sheep: Francis Henderson Baker, U.S.N. by David Sullivan (p. 27)
The life and times of Baker, a lieutenant commander who served in the Union blockade, who was part of a lesser known family with deep military connections. The text is illustrated with an original wartime portrait.

Captain Bob’s Caveat Emptorium (pp. 28-30)
In this special “Distress Sale” installment, the wily captain is offering up a genuine Confederate States Marine, Zouaves, Yankee drummer boys and more!

Uniforms & History by Michael J. McAfee (pp. 31-32)
In “The National Rifles, District of Columbia Militia, 1861: ‘A Matter of Loyalty,’” McAfee explores the history and distinct gray and red-trimmed uniforms of this regiment. The text is illustrated with a portrait of Henry M. Slade of the company.

Light & Shadow: Technical Aspects of Photography & Collecting (p. 33)
An 1855 account by a photographer daguerreotyping on the Mississippi River is the focus of this installment.

The Auction Block (p. 34)
Latest auction news.

Sutler’s Row (pp. 35-37)

Stragglers (pp. 38-40)
Solo photos from our readers includes seven images from the William Turner Collection. The unknown soldiers pictured “look fiercely determined to win independence for the South.”

Back cover
A carte de visite from the Stephen Rogers Collection pictures a Union soldier with a large format camera.

Results of Our 2017 Young Historians Initiative

Recipient Joseph Sorace with one of his Civil War heroes.

Our 2017 Young Historians Initiative has ended with the recognition of six students, selected from a group of nominees across the country. Each will receive a formal notification letter and an enamel MI pin, and their 1-year subscriptions will begin with the next issue:

  • Holden Hankins of Zionsville, Ind., is thoroughly knowledgable about the war and is a strong critical thinker to boot.
  • Thomas Holland of Newport News, Va., has a favorite Civil War spot— The Railroad Cut at Gettysburg.
  • Lane Lackey of Bowling Green, Ky., is the great-grandson of a World War II veteran.
  • Joseph Sorace of Independence, Ohio, has traveled to numerous battlefields with his family, and has a special place in his heart for Gettysburg.
  • Ryan Tapee of Jacksonville, Fla., told his father that he felt the battlefield of Gettysburg, noting it was eerily quiet and heavy.
  • Ryan Walker of Santa Anna, Texas, spends countless hours poring over Civil War books.
The mission of the Young Historians Initiative, the first in the history of Military Images, is to encourage boys and girls to study Civil War history. The funds for the initiative were made available through the generosity of subscriber and contributor Kevin Canberg, to whom we are grateful.

Magazine on a Mission

You may have noticed content from our magazine in other Civil War publications. For example, The Civil War Monitor publishes an occasional series, Faces of War, based on images that have appeared in MI. The magazine of the Civil War Trust, Hallowed Ground, also includes an MI feature.

What is the sharing is all about? Aside from the obvious promotional efforts, there is a more substantial reason that is at the heart and soul of our magazine.

The reason is our mission—to showcase, interpret and preserve Civil War portrait photography. These unusual images are a relatively new to our eyes. For a century after the end of the war, the vast majority were hidden away in albums in attics and basements. A small number were published by veterans during their lifetimes in books and magazines—but they were relatively few compared to the overall number in existence.

Beginning the late 1950s and the 1960s, following Bruce Catton’s popular histories of the war, the centennial and the passing of the last living veterans, these singular portraits began to show up at flea markets, antique shops and other sales.

Today, they are highly collectible. And we’ve made it our mission to document as many as possible. We’ve been at this since 1979.

So, the next time you see a portrait of a Union or Confederate soldiers, remember them and their service. And also think about what MI is doing to keep their faces and stories alive.

Thank you!

Help Us Find the Next Shelby Foote or Ed Bearss

Do you know a boy or girl who is interested in Civil War history? Is he or she a budding collector? If so, we’d like to encourage their pursuits with a free subscription to Military Images magazine.

Subscriber and contributor Kevin Canberg has generously donated five 1-year subscriptions for this purpose. We’d like you to help us find worthy students between the ages of 13 and 17 to receive them.

Here’s how to nominate a young historian.

Simply send an email to with his or her name, age and a brief explanation as to why they would benefit from a subscription. Our nominations panel will review the submissions and select five winners.

Nominations are due by November 1, 2017.

Help Military Images make history come alive for boys and girls!

Finding Aid: Autumn 2017

The complete issue

Vol. XXXV, No. 4
(80 pages)

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Cover image
A quarter-plate tintype from the Rich Jahn Collection pictures a dashing cavalry officer staring into the distance.
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Table of Contents (p. 1)
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Editor’s Desk (p. 2)
In “On Blue, Gray and Khaki,” the editor observes the commemoration of the centennial of World War I and reflects on how the timeline for MI has shifted from 1839 to 1939 when the magazine was founded to today’s primary coverage of the Civil War period.
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Mail Call (pp. 3-4)
Feedback includes praise for the last issue, information about image quality and submissions, and the debut of at the Gettysburg Show.
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Passing in Review (p. 6)
Roger D. Hunt’s latest in the Colonels in Blue series profiles commanders in Illinois, Iowa, Minnesota and Wisconsin.
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Antebellum Warriors (p. 8)
A half-plate daguerreotype by Mathew B. Brady from the National Portrait Gallery Collection pictures John Pelham, the West Point cadet who reluctantly resigned to join the Confederate army after his home state of Alabama seceded from the Union. This image is part of a current National Portrait Gallery exhibit.

Most Hallowed Ground (p. 10)
Henry Meigs Meade, the nephew of Maj. Gen. George G. Meade and second cousin of Quartermaster Gen. Montgomery Meigs, had a tough time as a paymaster in the navy. Unaccounted funds and other irregularities resulted in his dismissal, but he was later allowed to resign.

Photo Sleuth by Kurt Luther (pp. 12-13)
Kurt identifies an officer, Capt. Thomas Whiting of the 89th Illinois Infantry, using traditional research methods and

The Honored Few (pp. 14-15)
In “Escape after Spotsylvania,” we meet Lt. Col. Edmund Rice of the 19th Massachusetts Infantry. Though he received the Medal of Honor for his actions during the Battle of Gettysburg, the story about his capture at Spotsylvania and eventual escape is less known—and illustrated with an albumen print of him with three fellow escapees.

Blue, Gray & Khaki (pp. 16-26)
A survey of 22 portraits of doughboys, Union veterans and Confederate veterans. Included in the group are two Civil War veterans still in uniform during World War I: William West Grant, who served in Brig. Gen. James H. Clanton’s Artillery Battery (Alabama) and Walter H. Thomas Jr. of the 29th Maine Infantry. Other identified soldiers are also included.

Doughboy: Origins of a Classic Americanism (p. 27)
Though “doughboy” was popularized during World War I, the origin of the word as a military term is disputed, with several explanations emerging over the years. This story examines six newspaper references from 1853-1865.

Keeper of History: Images from the Rich Jahn Collection (pp. 29-39)
Jahn, a respected collector, takes a long view of the hobby, “We never own these images. We are only the keepers of history during our tenure of collecting. Someday someone else will be looking at these soldiers and saying, ‘I wonder where this image came from. Who had it before me?’” A selection of his best images is included.

Unsung Pioneer Photo Collector: Samuel Crocker Lawrence and the Medford Collection by Ronald S. Coddington (pp. 40-47)
Quiet, unassuming and wealthy, Samuel Lawrence commanded the 5th Massachusetts Infantry at the First Battle of Bull Run, where he suffered a serious wound that ended his military service. He would go on to amass a collection of 3,680 Civil War photographs, which was rediscovered in 1990 after years of being forgotten.

Hagerstown’s Durable Man: A Marylander’s half century of military service spanned four wars by Stephen R. Bockmiller (pp. 48-51)
German immigrant George Leonard Fisher started his military service in 1862 with the 7th Maryland Infantry and ended it in 1917 as a drill instructor to troops recruited to fight World War I. The text is illustrated with seven portraits of Fisher.

Yankee & Doughboy: A trove of newly discovered photographs documents a father and son by Aaron D. Purcell, with images from the Jeremiah T. Lockwood, Jr. Collection, Special Collections, Virginia Tech (pp. 52-54)
Jeremiah Talcott Lockwood, Jr. was sent to the local insurance office to pay a bill on behalf of his father, and he wound up enlisting in the Union army. His life story, illustrated with eight portraits that span his long life, is included here.

Following the Torn and Bloodstained Colors: John Michener’s Civil War Odyssey by Dan Clendaniel (pp. 56-59)
Michener, an officer in the 85th Pennsylvania Infantry, had his first encounter of the war with Peace Democrats in the Keystone State before he ever stepped a foot into the Confederacy. He would go on to see his share of action in Southern territory. Captured in a skirmish on the outskirts of Savannah, Ga., he spent months in prison, where he was used for a time as human shield. The image is illustrated with his wartime portrait.

Camp Photographers: Pictures by the thousands by Ron Field (pp. 60-63)
According to the author, “Virtually every military encampment had a travelling photographer nearby or within its limits during the Civil War. This was particularly true in the North, where photographic chemicals and supplies were readily available throughout the conflict.” What follows is an exploration of how camp photographers got started, details of the studies and prop weapons, and information about Confederate picture-makers.

The Making of Major Hay: A rare portrait of Lincoln’s private secretary is an artifact from a special wartime mission by Paul Russinoff (pp. 65-67)
A rare image of President Abraham Lincoln’s personal secretary dressed in a senior officer’s uniform and seated with a friend is a token of friendship. It is also a relic tied to an Executive Order from the White House that sought to end the war in 1864 by bringing Confederate states back into the Union under the auspices of a deceptively simple idea. Lincoln’s “Ten-Percent Plan” was not well received—and neither was Hay.

Reminiscences of an Exiled Marylander: The life and services of McHenry Howard by Evan Phifer (pp. 68-70)
Howard, the grandson of “Star-Spangled Banner” author Francis Scott Key, left his Maryland home to fight for the South. He served in a variety of role and fought in numerous battles, which he duly noted in his autobiography, Recollections of a Maryland Confederate Soldier and Staff Officer Under Johnston, Jackson and Lee.

Uniforms & History by Michael J. McAfee (p. 71)
In “The Zouave Mystique and the New York State Militia,’” Mike observes that Elmer E. Ellsworth and his Chicago United States Zouave Cadets probably had limited effect on New York militiaman during the Cadet’s 1861 tour of the Empire State. The 13th New York Militia Infantry is a notable exception.

Scalpels to Swords: West Virginia physicians who became combat commanders by Richard A. Wolfe (pp. 72-73)
The author profiles three medical men who became effective battlefield commanders, including Henry Capehart of the 1st Cavalry, Thomas Maley Harris of the 10th Infantry and Irish-born Joseph Thoburn of the 1st Infantry.

Stragglers: Distinctive Images from MI contributors (pp. 75-77)
Seven images are included, and all are of Southern origin. None of the men are identified, but there are clues that may lead to a positive identity by an alert subscriber.

Sutler’s Row (p. 79)

The Last Shot (p. 80)
Corporal David Henry Bennett of the 28th New York Infantry left a note tucked into his photograph case that explains why he wears a Confederate cap. It also suggests he had a premonition of his own battlefield death. In fact, he was killed at Antietam.

Finding Aid: September/October 1998

The complete issue

Vol. XX, No. 2
(48 pages)

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Cover image
A tintype from the Richard Ricca Collection is a portrait of William Noll of the 11th New York Infantry’s Fire Zouaves. He suffered a wound and fell into enemy hands at the First Battle of Bull Run.

Table of Contents (p. 1)

Editor’s Desk (p. 3)
The editor reflects on the recent Gettysburg show, and notes that he shot five rolls of film during the event. He also promotes an MI slide show, “Mathew Brady’s World: Photography in the Civil War,” and answers a question about the use of derogatory terms for the enemy during times of war.

Mail Call (pp. 5-7)
Letters include praise for the magazine, a correction to the recent story, “The Man Who Could Be King” and a request for a feature about army- or depot-issued shirts.

Passing in Review (pp. 8-9, 42)
Seven publications are mentioned, including Lee’s Miserables: Life in the Army of Northern Virginia from the Wilderness to Appomattox (The University of North Carolina Press) by J. Tracy Power, Letters of a Civil War Nurse: Cornelia Hancock, 1863-1865 (University of Nebraska Press) edited by Henrietta Stratton Jacquette, Civil War Memories: The Collected Writings of William H. Busbey (Eagle Press) edited by Linda Zimmerman and more.

Honored Blades: Union officers & their swords by Robert T. Lyon (pp. 10-13)
A survey of 16 portraits of federal line officers illustrates an essay about the threefold importance of swords to those who carried them in the service of Northern arms. Positively identified men include Capt. Andrew Fagen of the 1st Pennsylvania Artillery, Capt. David Corbin of the 22nd Connecticut Infantry, Lt. Charles Bird of an unknown regiment and Capt. Eugene Miles of the 53rd Massachusetts Infantry.

Giving Johnny “Cold Iron:” An Irish immigrant in the 1st Connecticut Heavy Artillery by John Dwyer (pp. 14-17)
The life and war experience of John O’Brien (1839-1931) is told thanks to a collection of materials that include about 50 letters and a pair of cartes de visite that picture him as an enlisted man and an officer.

The Long Gray Line: An album of West Point graduates by David Neville (pp. 18-22)
A survey of 15 images includes eight portraits of cadets in their familiar uniforms with three columns of buttons. Other images picture West Pointers post-graduation. The collection spans the 19th century, though is focused on the Civil War period.

A Letter from the Peninsula: Writer identified through MI article by David S. Moore (p. 23)
This author, who serves as editor of Civil War Serials & Bibliography, connected a letter he had discovered some time ago to a reference in a 1988 story by David M. Sullivan in Military Images. That letter, and another letter written by the author to MI editor Harry Roach, is reproduced here. Also included is a portrait of Confederate soldier John L. Rapier, the writer of the letter.

North & South: An album of uncommon soldiers in the American Civil War (pp. 24-34)
This is a collection of mini-profiles of 16 enlisted men and officers by various authors. Each is illustrated with a wartime portrait. Union subjects include John Davis of the 123rd Ohio Infantry, George Perkins of the 19th Maine Infantry, Nathaniel Perkins of Dow’s 6th Maine Battery, De Van Postley of the 7th New York State Militia and the 174th New York Infantry, Robert Stokes of the U.S. Marine Corps and the 19th and 72nd Pennsylvania Infantries, Frederick Cordes of the 42nd Pennsylvania Infantry, Henry Cordes of the 18th U.S. Infantry, Norvell F. Churchill of the 1st Michigan Cavalry, Joseph Meals of the 15th Pennsylvania Cavalry, William C. Mills of the 21st Illinois Infantry and William Noll of the 11th New York Infantry (cover image). Confederates include Walter Kennedy of the Confederate army and later the 7th U.S. Cavalry, Andrew Lee of the 41st Alabama Infantry, George E. Lavender of Phillips Legion Cavalry (Georgia), John H.L. Bray of the 9th Texas Infantry and Frank Huger of the Virginia Artillery.

“A Thousand Boys in Blue…:” The 1st South Dakota Volunteers,1898-99 by David A. Norris (pp. 35-37)
This unit history, which begins with the regiment’s departure for the Philippines in July 1898 and ends with its return to the U.S. in September 1899, is illustrated with an image of the South Dakotans aboard the vessel Rio de Janeiro at the beginning of their deployment.

An Ironclad Forgery by Jerry Harlowe (pp. 38-39)
Reprinted from the January-February 1990 issue of MI, images and text answer the question “When is a monitor not a Monitor?

Uniforms & History by Michael J. McAfee (pp. 40-41)
In “The Lafayette Guard,” McAfee explores the history and gray uniforms of the 55th New York Infantry, also known as “The Lafayette Guard” or “The Guard de Lafayette.” The text is illustrated with portraits of the regiment’s colonel, Philipe Regis de Trobriand, and an unidentified private.

The Auction Block (p. 43)

Capt. Bob’s Caveat Emptorium (p. 43)
In this installment, the captain informs his loyal readership that he has temporarily suspended his column because he is at “Uncle Sam’s minimum-security facility at Allenwood, Pennsylvania on a conviction for image tempering.” This does not prevent him, of course, from sharing an image of the father of sculptor Ron Tunison.

Sutlers’ Row (pp. 44-47)

Stragglers (pp. 48)
A sole straggler is an infantryman who probably hails from New York.

Back cover
A sixth-plate ambrotype from the Rick Mack Collection pictures a soldier purportedly from North Carolina.

Finding Aid: July/August 1998

The complete issue

Vol. XX, No. 1
(40 pages)

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Cover image
A cabinet card from the Anthony Gero Collection is a picture of a young Spanish-American War volunteer.

Table of Contents (p. 1)

Editor’s Desk (p. 3)
The editor announces the commemoration of the centennial of the Spanish-American War and thanks supporters as we begin our 20th year of publication.

Mail Call (p. 5)
Letters include comments on Georgia photographers, Captain Bob, the 6th North Carolina belt buckle and Mobile, Ala., volunteers.

Passing in Review (p. 6)
Five publications are mentioned, including The Wilderness Campaign (University of North Carolina Press) by Gary W. Gallagher, Army of Amateurs: General Benjamin F. Butler and the Army of the James (Stackpole Books) by Edward G. Longacre, The United States Marine Corps in the Civil War—The Second Year (White Mane) by David M. Sullivan, We Came to Fight: The History of the 5th New York Veteran Volunteer Infantry, Duryee’s Zouaves (Schroeder Publications) by Patrick A. Schroeder and Riding with Rosser (Burd Street Press) edited by S. Roger Keller.

On to Cuba!…and Puerto Rico, Hawaii, Guam, the Philippines: Images of the Spanish-American War from the collections of our readers (pp. 7-18)
A survey of 40 images includes a variety of outdoor and indoor views of soldiers. Included are two photographs of Theodore Roosevelt, an image of Joseph Wheeler and other officers and enlisted men.

Capt. Bob’s Caveat Emptorium (p. 19)
In this installment, the sly captain tries to sell readers a grouping of foreign troops—but they are really members of the U.S. VIII Corps, circa 1898.

British Rifle Volunteers of the 1860s: Don’t mistake John Bull for Johnny Reb by Philip Katcher (pp. 20-23)
An analysis of the uniform and equipment of British rifle volunteers is illustrated with six related images.

Spanish Troops in the Philippines, 1896-98 by Ron Field (pp. 25-27)
A uniform analysis provides details on all aspects of the clothing of these soldiers. The text is illustrated with seven images.

Adventures in Paradise: The 1st New York Volunteers in Hawaii, 1898 by Anthony Gero and Roger Sturcke (pp. 28-32)
This unit history traces the regiment from the Declaration of war against Spain through its five-month stay in Hawaii. A total of 14 images illustrates the text.

Uniforms & History by Michael J. McAfee (pp. 33-34)
In “71st Regiment, N.G.N.Y., ‘The American Guard,’ 1898,” McAfee examines the quintessential American army uniform and record of this Empire State regiment. The column is illustrated with a glass lantern slide of troops on parade.

The Auction Block (p. 34)

Sutlers’ Row (pp. 35-37)

Stragglers (pp. 38-40)
Solo photos from the collections of our readers is themed “Strong Men Armed.” It includes nine images that span from the Civil War through World War I.

Back cover
A cabinet card from the B. William Henry Collection is a portrait of QM Sgt. John H. Laabz of the 2nd Wisconsin Infantry, dated Sept. 18, 1898.

Finding Aid: May/June 2000

The complete issue

Vol. XXI, No. 6
(40 pages)

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Cover image
carte de visite from the Michael J. McAfee Collection pictures Julia Wood, who was photographed in Auburn, N.Y.

Editor’s Desk (p. 3)
The editor dedicates his comments to the January-February 2000 cover image, thought to be John Singleton Mosby. The outpouring of challenges to the identification ended in a retraction. Mosby Verdict In: Editor Guilty.

Mail Call (pp. 4-5)
Letters include comments about the 3rd New Jersey “Butterflies” and praise for the New York issue.

An Army of Women: A look at non-uniformed participants in the Civil War by Juanita Leisch (pp. 6-11)
A survey of 13 images of women illustrates text that summarizes Civil War era fashions inspired by military and patriotic themes.

Hardtack & Hairnets: Women in photographs of the Union army by Cricket Bauer (pp. 12-19)
A survey of 14 images, all outdoor views, include well- and lesser-known examples of women in camp.

Viva la Vivandières: A short history of women in pseudo-military costume by Cricket Bauer (pp. 20-24)
From “French Mary” Tepe to acclaimed opera singer Clara Louise Kellogg, military and patriotic costumes suggest Vivandières. This is not always the case, suggests the author Eight images make the point.

Patriots in Petticoats: Vivandières, Cantinières, Actresses & Daughters of the Regiment: A survey from the collections of our readers (pp. 25-30)
A total of 19 images picture a great variety of dress. Positively identified images include actress Lillie Eldridge, opera singer Clara Louisa Kellogg, Dr. Mary Walker and Sarah Burnett.

Pauline Cushman, Union Spy by Michael Fitzpatrick (pp. 31-34)
A biography of the well-known actress and spy is described as an enigmatic paradox by the author, who provides basic biographic details of her life. The text is illustrated with an image of Cushman, and another image Union Gen. Gordon Granger, one of the many high-ranking officers North and South to fall under her spell.

Captain Bob’s Caveat Emptorium (p. 35)
A rare soldier in a skirt is a great bargain—or is it?

Passing in Review (p. 36)
Two publications are mentioned, including Third Alabama! The Civil War Memoir of Brigadier General Cullen A. Battle, CSA (University of Alabama Press) edited by Brandon H. Beck and The Union Image: Popular Prints of the Civil War North (The University of North Carolina Press) by Mark Neely Jr. and Harold Holzer.

Sutler’s Row (pp. 38-40)

Back cover
An image from the Michael Kraus Collection is titled “Ready to Ride!”

Finding Aid: September/October 1997

The complete issue

Vol. XIX, No. 2
(40 pages)

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Cover image
A sixth-plate ambrotype from an anonymous collector is a portrait of Solomon Moore of the 6th North Carolina Infantry.

Editor’s Desk (p. 3)
The editor shares comments about a portrait of a soldier thought to be concealing a chicken in his vest.

Mail Call (pp. 4-5)
Letters include nine comments, and the headline for each begins with “Not.”

Passing in Review (pp. 6-7)
Five publications are mentioned, including The Darkest Days of the War: The Battles for Iuka and Corinth (University of North Carolina Press) by Peter Cozzens, The World Will Long Remember: A Guide to the Battle of Gettysburg (White Mane) by Joanna McDonald, Mexican-American War 1846-48 (Brassey’s) by Ron Field and Lincoln’s Admiral: The Civil War Campaigns of David Farragut (Wiley & Sons) by James P. Duffy.

A.S. Morse’s Gallery of the Cumberland: A prolific photographer in the Western Theater by L.S. Kite (pp. 8-12)
A survey of 15 cartes de visite discovered in album and attributed to A.S. Morse includes an account of how the images came into the author’s possession, and a request to readers for any information about this camera operator.

Southern Faces: A Confederate gallery from the collections of our readers (pp. 13-19)
A survey of 25 portraits, primarily tintypes and ambrotypes, includes descriptive captions. Positively identified soldiers include Robert H. Batchelor of the 1stNorth Carolina Infantry, Daniel Slayton of the 38th Virginia Infantry, James West of Morgan’s Kentucky Squadron, John Brown Jr. of the 7th Florida Infantry, George E. Smith of the 44th Virginia Infantry, William Callaway of the 9th and 12th Louisiana Infantries, Robert Blount Rivers of the 42nd Alabama Infantry, John J. Rooks of the 15th Confederate Cavalry, William Watson Beard of the 16th Georgia Infantry, Washington Green Bohaning of the 5th Arkansas Infantry, Mark Lowrey of the 4th Mississippi Infantry, John Lyon of the 7th South Carolina Infantry, William Jenkins of the 1st North Carolina Junior Reserves (70th North Carolina Infantry), John and George Peden of the 6th Kentucky Infantry and Willis S. Roberts of the 4th Kentucky Infantry.

A Photograph of the C.S.S. Alabama…at Last by David M. Sullivan (pp. 20-21)
Tucked away in the files of the Tennessee State Library and Archives is the only known photograph of the famed commerce raider. The image was rediscovered by the author. His History of the Marine Corps in the Civil War was recently published.

“A Sickening, Heart-Rending Sight:” 6th Regiment North Carolina State Troops at the Battle of First Manassas by Greg Mast (pp. 22-28)
A detailed account of the regiment in the First Manassas Campaign is illustrated with eight portraits. They include Col. Charles Fisher, privates and brothers William Anderson Roberts and John L. Roberts, privates and brothers John D. Huskey and James Huskey, 2nd Lt. Quentin Thatch Anderson, Capt. Isaac Avery, Lt. William Preston Mangum and Pvt. Newton Branch.

My Darling Wife…Three letters from the colonel of the 15th Georgia edited by William Stier (pp. 29-32)
The letters from William Millican to his wife, Jane, date from the early period of the war: April 30 and Sept. 15, 1861, and May 29, 1862. Millican was killed in action during the Battle of Antietam.

The Auction Block (p. 33)
Latest auction news.

Cover story (p.34)
Details of the 6th North Carolina State Troops waist belt plate are discussed.

Uniforms & History by Michael J. McAfee (p. 35)
In “3rd Regiment, Massachusetts Volunteer Militia, Three Months Service, 1861,’We Marched to the Music of the Union,” McAfee explores the history and distinct gray uniforms of this regiment. The text is illustrated with a group portrait of three soldiers who served in its ranks, Alvin Vaugh, Levi P. Brown and Robert Parris.

Sutler’s Row (pp. 36-37)

Stragglers (pp. 38-40)
Solo photos from our readers includes a cigar-smoking woman in soldier’s dress and three men in gray who might be mistaken for Confederate soldiers.

Back cover
A cabinet card from the collection of Mark Gaynor pictures a young John J. Pershing as a first lieutenant in the 10th U.S. Cavalry, circa 1895.

Finding Aid: July/August 1997

The complete issue

Vol. XIX, No. 1
(40 pages)

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Cover image
carte de visite from the Paul Johnson Collection pictures a surgeon pretending to operate on the finger of a woman.

Editor’s Desk (p. 3)
The editor observes that the Gettysburg Show will be held in the new Sports Complex adjacent to the previous venue at the Eisenhower Inn and mentions the ongoing work of Seward Osborne regarding the 20th New York State Militia of Ulster County.

Mail Call (pp. 4-5)
Letters include praise for the Stametelos issue and feedback about heavy headgear.

Passing in Review (pp. 6-7)
Nine publications are mentioned, including Diary of a Yankee Engineer (Fordham University Press) edited by Anita Palladino, A Yankee Spy in Richmond, the Civil War Diary of “Crazy Bet” Van Lew (Stackpole Books) edited by David D. Ryan, Civil War Battlefields and Landmarks: A Guide to National Park Sites (Random House) edited by Frank E. Vandiver, Julian Scott, Artist of the Civil War and Native America (McFarland & Company) by Robert Titterton and more.

Gettysburg ’96: A selection of images seen at last year’s Gettysburg Show (pp. 8-16)
A selection of 31 images includes a wide variety of portraits. On one end is a 1930 photo of bikini-clad woman standing with their rifles and the other end is the navy’s Benjamin Horton Porter, an up-and-coming officer killed in action at Fort Fisher, N.C., on Jan. 15, 1865.

Palmetto Soldiers on the Fields of the West: 10th & 19th South Carolina Infantry in the Army of Tennessee by John Mills Bigham (pp. 17-19)
A brief summary of the South Carolinians is illustrated with portraits of Calvin Foxworth, John S. Palmer and his wife, Alice, James F. Carraway, Moses Norris Holstein and the battle flag of the 10th.

The “Forgotten” Fifteenth Infantry: Service in China, 1912-1938 by Richard S. Faulkner (pp. 20-23)
In January 1912, the War Department ordered a battalion of the 15th U.S. Infantry to move from the Philippines to China to quell threats to American civilians and interests. The number of soldiers soon increased. No one imagined the deployment would last 26 years. The text is illustrated with six related images of the regiment.

The Grim Face of War: A somber album from the collections of our readers (pp. 24-29)
A survey of amputees and other men disfigured from wounds suffered during the Civil War features 15 men. They include Richard D. Dunphy of the Hartford, a blinded soldier, Alfred A. Stratton of the 147th New York Infantry, Charles Kramer of the 6th Pennsylvania Reserves, Walter F. Halleck of the 11th Michigan Infantry, Charles Dunn of the 5th Michigan Cavalry, Lewis Martin of the 29th U.S. Colored Infantry, George Carr of the 30th U.S. Colored Infantry, Neal Wicks of the 4th U.S. Colored Infantry, Oliver Scott of the 30th U.S. Colored Infantry, Charles Harris of the 31st U.S. Colored Infantry, Sidney M. Ballard of the 39th North Carolina Infantry and William McNulty of the 10th New York Infantry.

Early American Machine Guns: Photo postcards from the collection of Herb Peck Jr. (pp. 30-31)
Six images show the Colt Models 1895 and 1909 and the .30/06 Lewis machine guns ion military settings.

Light & Shadow (p. 32)
Longtime contributor Karl Sundstrom spotted a fake Civil War carte de visite at a collector’s show in Nashville, Tenn., and offered his thoughts about the image and those who would produce them with intent to defraud.

Uniforms & History by Michael J. McAfee (p. 33)
In “47th Regiment, New York Volunteer Infantry, ‘The Washington Grays,’” McAfee explores the history and uniforms of this hybrid Zouave regiment. The text is illustrated with a portrait of an enlisted man who wears the regiment’s unique armband.

The Auction Block (p. 34)
Latest auction news.

Sutler’s Row (pp. 35-37)

Captain Bob’s Caveat Emptorium (p.37)
The Captain has a super rare naval Zouave image to sell you!

Stragglers (pp. 38-40)
Solo photos from our readers includes a portrait believed to be Philip Sheridan, a circa 1895navy band, a quarter-plate tintype believed to be a scene of Fort Donelson, Tenn., and World War I hero Alvin York.

Back cover
An image from the Dent “Wildman” Myers Collection is a portrait of a Confederate soldier with a huge side knife.